This map shows the ‘Black Belt’ region of
the United States. Its name comes from the fertile soil associated
with the region. And for most of America’s history, more
than 90% of the country’s largest minority group lived here. Starting in the early 20th century, nearly
half of the African American population left this region to resettle in emerging Northern
and Midwestern cities. It was one of the largest internal migrations
in US history. And now, data indicates that a new movement
is taking shape. To understand why, let’s go back to 1865. The Emancipation Proclamation ended slavery
and started a new era for colored people in the states. Shortly after, the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments
enfranchised people of color at large. For the first time, the majority of black
Americans controlled their own destinies. In the years immediately following emancipation,
most freed slaves chose to stay in their communities. After all, the only America they had known
was the south. It was common for their descendants to work
as sharecroppers on plantations. Sometimes their only payment was permission
to live on the property. But that wasn’t the worst aspect of the
south for blacks. The Jim Crow caste system determined where
you could eat, what platforms you sat on when you catch a train. This was a rigid caste system where any breach
could literally mean your life. That’s author & journalist Isabel Wilkerson–
She spent 15 years compiling the stories of black exodus to cities in the north, midwest
and west. The movement would come to be known as the
Great Migration. The great migration was really a seeking of
political asylum within the borders of our country. Many of them were fleeing for their lives. They were fleeing a rigid caste system known
as jim crow in which everything you could and could not do was based on what you looked
like. In 1915, African Americans began to leave
the Black Belt for these new industrial centers. By 1929, 1.5 million African Americans had
resettled in new, northern metro areas. At the time, America’s participation in
World War I drove demand for manufacturing labor. But strict immigration laws left Northern
factories with a shortage of workers. Factories in the north started recruiting
low-skilled workers from the south. The workers faced discrimination in their
new homes, which culminated in the Red Summer of 1919. Migrant blacks, whites, and european immigrants
were all competing for limited housing and resources, which exacerbated relationships
in city centers. The most prominent of these settlements for
migrating blacks was in New York City, and the art, music and theater that emerged from
this community became known as the Harlem Renaissance. These artistic achievements redefined the
cultural image of blacks in America. But the stock market crash of 1929 and ensuing
Great Depression slowed the influx from the South and effectively ended the first migration. A second wave began in the ‘40s when World
War II kickstarted manufacturing again, while agricultural employment in the South plummeted. Once again, people living in the rural south
began to migrate to cities. Manufacturing hubs in the West were far more
prominent in this second movement. But only a fraction of skilled labor positions
went to African-Americans. That kind of discrimination was a common experience
for participants in the great migration. Throughout history, the segregated neighborhoods
that southern blacks flocked to often became the ground-centers of massive racially motivated
rioting. In most cases, the protesting began in response
to perceived unfair treatment of the black community. This is a trend that continues today, as seen
in modern violent protests in Baltimore, Ferguson, and Milwaukee. By the end of the 2nd migration, an estimated
5 to 8 million blacks had resettled outside of the south. Moving ahead to the 1960s, the Civil Rights
Movements had introduced a new vision of racial identity in America. This movement’s leaders argued for the political
rights and equality of all people. Meanwhile, the definition of ‘all people’
was changing. Changes in immigration policy starting in
1952 started a new era of a skills-based, multicultural immigration. This includes African migrants, adding a new
black perspective to the American story. By the 1990s, a new, multicultural American
identity had emerged. During this period, the rise of the black
middle class was evident. You know we’re used to thinking about white
flight to the suburbs and black segregation, black concentration in cities. That’s the voice of William Frey. He’s been tracking the shifting demographics
of America over the past 5 decades. To some degree that still exist. But there’s also been a noticeable movement
of blacks to the suburbs and it’s fairly pervasive it’s not just in two or three cities but it’s
and and a lot of cities across the country. Northern cities, Southern cities, Western
cities. Starting in 1970 African Americans started
to make this move. Especially in the last 20 or 25 years, really
large numbers of blacks moved to the South. I attribute some of it to the younger generation
several generations since the civil rights laws were enacted in the 1960s who now do
have an opportunity to get advanced education’s. At least some college. Getting that foothold into the middle class,
I think is an important part of what’s going on. Today, the geography established by the Great
Migration is beginning to fade away. Southern states have been leaders in black
population growth since the 1970’s. Still, these states have only captured a 4%
increase in the share of the black population over the last 4 decades. So while we are seeing a reversal of the trend
of African-American migration to cities, it’s unlikely the movement will be as far-reaching
as The Great Migrations of the past. And it’s because this migration is about the
search for agency and opportunity — not about fleeing violence. The stakes are not the same now as they would’ve
been during the great migration. They are quite different in character and
magnitude. Many of them were fleeing like refugees, and
had no idea of how they would make it in this alien land.That was a watershed moment in
American history, and like many watershed moments it’s hard to recreate.

Why African-Americans left the south in droves — and what’s bringing them back

100 thoughts on “Why African-Americans left the south in droves — and what’s bringing them back

  • March 17, 2019 at 2:50 am
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    This how we got the Blacks in Inglewood and Compton. They came from the South. They started the gangs there.

    Reply
  • March 23, 2019 at 5:29 pm
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    Blacks have first right on resources of US not bastard incestuous immigrants of enunch Europeans

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  • March 24, 2019 at 3:42 pm
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    Blacks need to also migrate back to Africa. America will never accept us.

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  • March 27, 2019 at 11:24 am
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    Because liberal Democrats have ruined all the northern states

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  • March 27, 2019 at 4:43 pm
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    So that's why the democrats destroyed the inner cities. Blacks and other minorities who are poor live there. They want to control them and their votes

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  • March 29, 2019 at 2:24 am
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    I love how ya'll fail to mention the red lining that took place in the north leading to the ghettos that we see today, as well as the systematic oppression that continues to effect us such as the school to prison pipeline, the drug war, ect 😤😤😤😤😤😤😤😤😤

    Reply
  • March 30, 2019 at 10:39 pm
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    So where did all the so called blacks come from in California???

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  • March 31, 2019 at 4:06 pm
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    Because leechers always headed to rich metropolises!

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  • April 5, 2019 at 12:08 pm
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    My family left Georgia in the 1870's for the Mississippi Delta. I sometimes think how bad Georgia must have been for them to migrate to Mississippi in the 1870's.

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  • April 6, 2019 at 3:25 am
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    Why would blacks leave the South? It's a white trash shithole. Why would any non-white stay?

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  • April 28, 2019 at 7:15 am
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    I always thought it was called the Black belt because of the amount of Black people that lived there.

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  • April 29, 2019 at 7:12 pm
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    IM TIRED OF WHITE PEOPLE TELLING BLACK PEOPLE THEIR HISTORY!!!! ALWAYS LIE

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  • April 30, 2019 at 5:48 pm
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    Great video! But there's a typo in the graphics at 2:05 – it's not "Hyland Park" it's just plain old "Highland Park" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Highland_Park_Ford_Plant . The Detroit area is many things, but it is not a region known for fancy spelling.

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  • May 6, 2019 at 4:22 am
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    Because the South is a miserable horrible festering shithole where they were brutally treated, hunted like animals, sold, branded, raped whipped, and killed. NO mystery at all.

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  • May 9, 2019 at 7:04 am
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    I am from the black belt

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  • May 11, 2019 at 12:09 pm
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    You do know that those cities you showed were on the east not west right.

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  • May 16, 2019 at 9:10 am
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    Better perspectives of the migration should include successful black communities destroyed bc of its success i.e. black wall street, Tulsa, etc.

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  • May 16, 2019 at 4:32 pm
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    #BeenHere

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  • May 20, 2019 at 9:49 pm
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    The black breeders trying to ethic cleasne white men

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  • May 25, 2019 at 12:21 am
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    Jim Crow was not the main reason blacks left the south, economics were.

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  • May 26, 2019 at 12:33 pm
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    I watch news footage of my black brothers shooting each other daily I'm moving my family away from my people if they want to kill each other then go right ahead to all hard working black family living in these communities you got do what you can to get your family away from them you have to move clear away from the culture, environment and influence , you have all these groups coming to the hood to save the black man you can't save what doesn't want to be saved black people have become accustomed and content with the killings, drugs, addictions, dirt,filth, grim, crime, lifestyle, dead end culture, abandoned homes,drug addicts everywhere on the corners around meth clinics, uneducated young black men hustling drugs on corners in front of grocery stores ,in and out of jail, making babies and want a pat on the back for the ones who takes care of theirs, I don't want to even want to mention the ones that don't, they will complain about ghetto conditions but really that's false they wholeheartedly accepted their living conditions look how they boast and brag about it in music and film real black people shouldn't have to live around and deal with these people and their environmental move away from them and give your families a chance you don't owe them nothing you don't need to be loyal to them get away so that your sons won't be on the news slain by a jealous young criminal black male with the murdered child mom crying and falling in the arms of cops and bystanders talking about how he was such a good boy

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  • June 2, 2019 at 2:35 am
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    So AAs are fleeing Blue cities for red states.

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  • June 2, 2019 at 2:53 am
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    Packed it from the south moved it to the west

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  • June 2, 2019 at 11:00 am
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    https://youtu.be/5OKdbc0DYpM

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  • June 2, 2019 at 1:38 pm
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    Blacks left the south because of terrorism conducted by whites against them, Lynching and Jim Crow Laws were the main reasons.I have relatives that had to flee Mississippi leaving everything they owned, why? one of my uncles defended himself, against a white man that was trying to kill him.

    Reply
  • June 2, 2019 at 2:31 pm
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    Don’t say coloured

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  • June 3, 2019 at 12:16 am
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    So the Democrats drove them out of the south and now the Democrats driving them out of west coast and east coast. Yet they keep giving Democrats 90% of their vote? Okay something ain’t right

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  • June 5, 2019 at 4:40 am
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    I can explain it all in one word. "Welfare"

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  • June 5, 2019 at 12:42 pm
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    I can’t be sure but I think a lot of them left to avoid frivolous charges to be force on a chain gang slavery was not over

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  • June 11, 2019 at 5:28 am
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    Send em back, they need to be more productive

    Reply
  • June 14, 2019 at 3:02 pm
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    For a long time, places like Chicago represented a step up for many African Americans. Some 6 million of them left the oppression and violence of the Jim Crow South for industrial cities like Chicago during the Great Migration, which began in 1916. African Americans who settled in northern cities like Chicago, New York, and Detroit earned at least twice as much as those who stayed in the South in 1930, according to work by Leah Boustan, an economics professor at Princeton.
    Many jobs were located along rail routes outside of Chicago’s central Loop area. By the mid-1950s in North Lawndale, for instance, a predominantly black neighborhood on Chicago’s west side, a Western Electric plant employed over 43,000 workers, an International Harvester plant had employed 14,000 workers, and the headquarters of Sears, Roebuck and Company employed 10,000 people, as the Harvard sociologist William Julius Wilson documented in his 1996 book, When Work Disappears. People employed in manufacturing spent money on goods and services, creating jobs in the neighborhoods where they lived. For every black man who worked at a factory, others found jobs at restaurants and grocery stores and shopping centers where manufacturing workers spent their money, most of which were located near where workers lived, in the city’s south and west sides.
    Of course, not everything was rosy for black Chicago residents, even during manufacturing’s heyday. As Ta-Nehisi Coates documents in his seminal June 2014 cover story, “The Case for Reparations,” African Americans with the money to buy homes in Chicago were prevented from doing so by policies like redlining, which made it impossible to get a federally backed loan for homes in majority-black neighborhoods. African Americans were also kept out of certain neighborhoods through racially restrictive covenants—Coates writes that half of Chicago’s neighborhoods were effectively off-limits to blacks by the 1940s. At the same time, the Chicago Housing Authority was building public housing in predominantly black neighborhoods, further amplifying segregation. And when black residents did finally begin moving into majority white neighborhoods, real-estate agents encouraged white homeowners to list their homes for sale and decamp for the suburbs, telling them their home values would soon drop.
    Segregation is problematic in many ways, but this isolation proved especially devastating when big employers in these neighborhoods began to move out in the 1960s. The huge Western Electric plant closed in the 1960s, Sears moved its headquarters downtown, and the Hawthorne plant began to cut back operations and finally closed in 1984, according to Wilson. When the big plants left, so, too, did smaller businesses like banks and gas stations that relied on the business of the people who had worked at the big companies. Wilson estimates that North Lawndale lost 75 percent of its businesses from 1960 to 1970 alone. Businesses weren’t only leaving North Lawndale. In the South Side of Chicago, for instance, steel plants like Acme Steel and factories like the General Mills cereal plant began to close. There were 11,646 retail jobs in the Back of the Yards neighborhood on Chicago’s near South Side in 1970, according to a report by the Great Cities Institute at the University of Illinois at Chicago. By 2015, there were just 1,849 such jobs. Some businesses moved to the suburbs—Wilson writes that over a 20-year period ending in the 1990s, the majority of the jobs created in the Chicago area were in the northwest suburbs, where black residents made up less than 2 percent of the population. Others moved operations overseas.  
    Meanwhile, as jobs disappeared, there was little effort put into replacing them. While today, government agencies are spending money retraining white working-class workers who lost their jobs because of outsourcing and automation, little such effort went into helping the newly unemployed black residents of Chicago. “When the decline started, there was no replacement of those industries, no forethought given to, ‘How do we replace what went away?’

    Reply
  • June 15, 2019 at 1:02 pm
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    Were only white people here to begin with? No… So it's weird that we pay attention to how many colored moves in…idk why white is the start…I don't feel white was first… Sometimes I hate to be white…

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  • June 18, 2019 at 10:15 am
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    The North segregated them worse than the South. Witness Chicago.

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  • June 20, 2019 at 12:26 am
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    “Why does it always have to be about race” 😒

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  • June 22, 2019 at 1:58 pm
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    So that's why Chicago is looking like crackertown, ohio!

    Reply
  • June 23, 2019 at 12:24 am
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    2:21 'Migrant Blacks, Whites, and Europeans immigrants …' do you mean 'American citizens, and some Whites and foreigners ' right ?

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  • June 23, 2019 at 12:45 am
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    The lily-white movement was a big reason as well…

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  • June 26, 2019 at 5:28 pm
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    How many white people were there in American in 1860?

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  • June 28, 2019 at 1:28 pm
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    Good. GO Back to Africa. 😭😭😭😭🤣🤣🤣

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  • July 2, 2019 at 6:33 pm
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    Let the Black's leave the USA and go back to africa.

    Reply
  • July 4, 2019 at 5:21 pm
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    We are not African Americans, but are of The Tribe of Judah.
    Yahushua (not white, so this is not Christianity) called Jesus asks a question, "Where is your faith?"

    {And He is speaking about your faith in Him, in what He is saying to you, O' Chosen Ones}

    Is your faith located in what the stranger tells you? Is your faith in what you see and/or what you think you know? Is your faith rooted in a country that is crumbling from the inside out?

    Children of The Most High, Hebrews Eleven and Six says, But without faith it is impossible to please Him: for he (or she) that cometh to God Must Believe That He Is, and that He Is A Rewarder of them that diligently seek Him. We are to Seek His Kingdom and His Righteousness First and all the other things we're after will be added unto Us in Righteousness.

    John the Eighth Chapter Verses Thirty One through Thirty Two and then Verse Thirty Six

    31 Then said Jesus to those Jews {Us} which believed on Him, If ye continue in My Word, then are ye My Disciples indeed (in reality);

    32 And ye shall know The Truth, and THE TRUTH SHALL MAKE YOU FREE.

    36 If The Son therefore shall make you Free, YE (YOU) SHALL BE FREE INDEED. {With certainty, without a shadow of a doubt}

    He was sent and He came for Us. Where is your faith?

    If you were to take The Bible literally or at least virtually instead of figuratively you would soon realize that people have been lying to Us for years…

    Reply
  • July 12, 2019 at 6:34 am
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    It’s great so many ppl remember the Emancipation Proclamation didn’t abolish slavery. Though it was unconstitutional, no one went to jail for enslaving people (after 1865) until 1930’s. Also, there are stories of ppl being enslaved into the 1960’s.

    Reply
  • July 15, 2019 at 6:07 pm
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    bUt ThE sOuTh Is RaCiSt

    Reply
  • July 16, 2019 at 5:28 pm
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    Hahaha very funny <> No such country Africa America on any map , just non assimilated Africans / Jesse Jackson coin the phrase Black African Americans in 1970 and has nothing to do with being assimilated Americans, we don't go by colors and use names and we share cultures and don't throw them at people , the Black racist is the biggest in the USA

    Reply
  • July 17, 2019 at 9:02 pm
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    They are going back to the South thank GOD!!!!

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  • July 18, 2019 at 9:55 pm
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    NEGROLAND" THIS WAS! GOD SAID! FORCE STOLEN LAND!" DOG WORLD OF SOME"

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  • July 20, 2019 at 2:27 am
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    Not true!!! That lie up!

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  • July 21, 2019 at 11:09 pm
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    So racist

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  • July 22, 2019 at 7:56 pm
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    Seems like they would want to live someplace else than the South. It really makes them sweat and they get this stink to them that is so nasty. They rope that nasty hair up and it begins to rot from the inside out.

    Reply
  • July 24, 2019 at 10:53 pm
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    Who were those people fleeing from?

    Catholic white People
    Yep not moslems not Arabs nor Koreans

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  • July 25, 2019 at 1:12 am
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    The emancipation proclamation freed zero slaves.

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  • July 25, 2019 at 1:16 pm
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    " The purpose of terrorism is to terrorize ". Vladimir Lenin. White people have understood and practiced this for millennia !!!

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 5:27 pm
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    In Los Angeles there has been a huge ethnic cleaning of Blacks by the Latinos.

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  • July 31, 2019 at 9:14 pm
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    They are not AFRICAN-AMERICANS. THEY ARE AMERICANS. …RACISM begins when you DISTINGUISH one from another. The root cause of racism is in how we think and speak. MINORITY IS A RACIST WORD

    Reply
  • August 1, 2019 at 11:49 am
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    How could you not mention Detroit and the auto plants?

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  • August 2, 2019 at 4:14 am
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    Because they have brains

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  • August 2, 2019 at 12:41 pm
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    Read Daniel 9 and Psalm 106 KJV.God pours out generational curses on his own people,for their sins.Also,on those who curse his people.REPENT,and turn to Jesus Christ,before it is to late.Learn to break off generational curses.learn spiritual warfare and deliverance,

    Reply
  • August 4, 2019 at 11:57 am
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    We weren't only in the south. We were all over this country because we were here first. This was our land first before those Europeans came and took it.

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  • August 6, 2019 at 3:27 pm
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    Poor black's are returning to the south because of rapid gentrification or huge flight from crime ridden cities across the north east and west and midwest

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  • August 6, 2019 at 11:06 pm
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    Blacks are being pushed out of large cities, not “moving” by choice

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  • August 8, 2019 at 3:16 pm
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    I love this channel and everything about it

    Reply
  • August 8, 2019 at 5:21 pm
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    Many AA people migrated to West Virginia to work in the coal mines as well

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  • August 8, 2019 at 5:22 pm
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    Many black people lived side by side with my Irish ancestors in New York City in Seneca village

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  • August 10, 2019 at 4:30 pm
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    3:53 Denzel?!

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  • August 11, 2019 at 6:15 pm
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    All the other states had better benefited…

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  • August 12, 2019 at 4:10 pm
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    Ok thank you for this video because I'm currently reading The Warmth of Other Suns because of this and um yea… best book ever.

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  • August 12, 2019 at 5:31 pm
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    Don't forget about the white slaves

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  • August 13, 2019 at 2:03 am
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    Frank

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  • August 14, 2019 at 3:20 am
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    Too bad those blacks became gang members and killing and stealing.

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  • August 15, 2019 at 12:27 am
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    I wanna hear her say caste system again

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  • August 15, 2019 at 11:52 pm
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    Ruled by the Democraps!..Why the left for REPUBLICAN States!.

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  • August 16, 2019 at 2:56 pm
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    I see the pattern, they left the Democratic cities to prosperous Democratic and Republican cities who can uphold their promises and benefit their communities then the modern day racist democrats. Makes sense! Thanks Vox!

    Reply
  • August 16, 2019 at 8:34 pm
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    RAAAAAAAAAAAAACISM. The end

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  • August 17, 2019 at 11:45 pm
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    Slavery and Racists made them leave.

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  • August 17, 2019 at 11:53 pm
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    Not the same. i think today people are fleeing due to affordability. However that is nowhere as dire as fleeing for your life.

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  • August 18, 2019 at 12:11 am
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    Most do not KNOW of this GREAT MIGRATION in AMERICA'S HISTORY those that have BLAMED it almost EVERYTHING EXCEPT in MY MIND what REALLY caused it ECONOMICS , a BETTER LIFE though the ABILITY to EARN a DECENT LIVING . All the HORROR STORIES about RACISM SEGREGATION and other thing a side the SOUTH DURING that ERA was a IMPROVISH REGION to LIVE in for MOST .The INDUSTRIALIZED NORTH even the WEST MORE and BETTER ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES were there . EDUCATION which was at a PREMIUM then was not REALLY needed the WAY it is NOW .The FURTHER SOUTH YOU at that TIME the MORE IMPROVISH it was ,the LOWER the PAY SCALE was not ONLY for BLACK AMERICANS but also WHITE AMERICANS .This TREND did not REVERSE it self UNTIL the LATE 1970s in this NATION Most do not REALIZE it took place in way after the EMANCIPATION ACT took EFFECT but on a much SMALLER SCALE , so many BLACKS WHOM were EMANCIPATED UNDER it when WEST and NORTH in SCEARCH of BETTER ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES and MANY where in this EXSTENDED FAMILY . It ONE of the WORST LIES TOLD by a GREAT MANY WHOM KNOW IT , YES RACISM and SEGREGATION did PLAY a PART in it . It NEVER was the MAJOR FACTOR in it THOUGH and the are those WHOM have ALWAYS KNOWN this TRUTH about it' .

    Reply
  • August 20, 2019 at 5:41 am
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    The north failed spectacularly at winning, they should have occupied the south and change things as USA later did in WW2 with Germany & Japan.

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  • August 21, 2019 at 12:26 am
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    They made the American dream up North, like the Irish and Eastern and South europeans before many were union and or civil service workers with good jobs and retirements and the money goes further down South, lower taxes and cost of living, as other Americans have determined. Just vote for the way things are to keep it that way and enjoy it and not import failed Progressive policies that made the big cities into new plantations. Nowhere else for your kids to go back to if you do, its the last stop.

    Reply
  • August 21, 2019 at 12:38 am
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    JIM CROW South 😶

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  • August 21, 2019 at 4:43 pm
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    We are ISRAELITES

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  • August 21, 2019 at 9:33 pm
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    US, used the blacks against the American Natives, The Natives call them "Bufalo Soldiers" but later on the American Natives saved the blacks, after the abolishion law, and persecution of slaves by land lords.

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  • August 22, 2019 at 6:33 pm
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    Africans have never and will never be a minority

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  • August 23, 2019 at 1:53 am
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    Vox is missing that the first riots before the 60's were white men marching in to black towns and burning them down.

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  • August 23, 2019 at 4:42 am
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    So were they better off in Cabrini Green than in the Mississippi Delta?

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  • August 23, 2019 at 11:42 pm
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    Immigrants are moving to these big cities driving out black Americans. White Americans in these big cities are starting to be out numbered there as well

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  • August 24, 2019 at 7:08 pm
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    The Black man want a southern blonde.
    that what it is.

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  • August 25, 2019 at 11:19 am
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    Strange how this facile rendering of the supposed reasons of the northern migration "overlooks" one of it's greatest motivations = agricultural policy changes.  Beginning in the 1920's the US began to see a change in agricultural polices via the passage of Federal legislation which favored mechanization of production.  That resulted in many of the large planters in the South eliminating those generational sharecropper jobs as they transitioned away from human labor. 

    That as much as Jim Crow and industry in the northern cities helped to stimulate families which had previously lived together working the same land for generations = to relocate.  It spelled the end of the sharecropper lifestyle which was the primary mechanism by which many of these families subsisted.

    Reply
  • August 25, 2019 at 5:22 pm
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    Read black red neck white liberal and then watch this video.

    Reply
  • August 26, 2019 at 4:13 am
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    There is a plot to nuke the USA. It isn't an outside enemy. It is rogue groups within the us government plotting.

    Reply
  • August 29, 2019 at 7:22 am
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    Any one who doesn't know why our annestors and fore fathers left the South needs there heads examined.

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  • August 30, 2019 at 12:21 am
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    The term minority is not regarding US population but is a condescending term
    Africans have a way larger world population

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  • August 31, 2019 at 6:58 am
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    Once we realize that we are proud ancestral people the caste system ends.

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  • September 2, 2019 at 12:54 am
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    um racism DUH😈

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 3:18 am
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    Blacks left the south to escape Jim Crow but now is leaving the north because of Jim Crow

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  • September 4, 2019 at 2:22 pm
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    The worst things for blacks was the eadhamite Caucasian people

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  • September 4, 2019 at 4:19 pm
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    Don't call them plantations call them what they were forced labor camps !!!

    Reply
  • September 5, 2019 at 3:20 am
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    "For the first time, most African Americans controlled their own destiny." 
    Sounds good but not true. It is impossible to control your own destiny when there are serious impediments everywhere. Legally it may have been freedom, but in truth few of them lived as well as their white counterparts and many of them never would.

    Reply
  • September 5, 2019 at 4:49 pm
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    This is something that's has been COVERED in GREAT DETAIL SUPPOSELY in AMERICA HISTORY , but that DEPENDS upon YOU are TALKING about the FIRST or SECOND one for there were TWO of them being ONE as PEOPLE think . The FIRST ONE really took place in this NATION HISTORY after the CIVIL WAR ended .it was not as MASSIVE as the ONE after WORLD WAR 2 but still a MASSIVE MOVEMENT of BLACK AMERICANS out if the SOUTH . I think the REASON it not noted is a GREAT MANY WHITE AMERICANS were INVOLVED as well . , the WESTERN PART of AMERICA CALLED them for the SAME REASON ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY , AMERICAN WILD WEST as it known then called both WHITE AMERICANS and BLACK AMERICANS during that PERIOD in this NATION HISTORY . Most do not REALIZE during that PERIOD in AMERICA'S HISTORY some of the LARGEST BLACK FORTUNES in this NATION HISTORY we're being BUILD .Most do not know in the STATE of OKALHOMA there 17 BLACK FAMILIES worth over a TRILLION DOLLARS and some worth a WHOLE LOT of TRILLIONS .Most of these FAMILIES there FORTUNE were BUILD that FIRST MIGRATION WEST .

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  • September 6, 2019 at 3:08 am
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    We never was the minority thats what white supremacy said we the majority 4 corners of the world they. Know we are thats why they have a census bureau and they are for depopulation because the European Caucasian are dying off they know who the majority is and was stop it with false lies they gave you we the majority

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  • September 7, 2019 at 1:47 am
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    That's funny, Savannah Georgia is only 32 percent white, that's why I'm moving

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