What would happen if you were to bring
a tiny piece of the Sun to Earth? Short answer: you die.
Long answer: it depends which piece of the Sun. Like most of the matter in the universe,
our Sun is neither solid, liquid or gas, but plasma. Plasma is when stuff is so hot that the nuclei and electrons can separate and flow around freely,
which creates a goo like substance. So, you can imagine our Sun as an extremely big, spherical ocean of very hot goo. The deeper you, go the denser and weirder the goo becomes. So let’s bring 3 samples (each the size of a house),
to our lab here on Earth and see what happens. First sample:
the chromosphere. The chromosphere is the atmosphere of the Sun,
a layer of sparse gas up to 5,000 kilometers deep, that’s covered in a forest of plasma spikes that can be almost as big as Earth. It’s pretty hot here between 6,000 and 20,000 degrees Celsius, but if we brought a solvent of it to Earth, we’re not really getting our money’s worth. Where we take our sample, the chromosphere is over a million times less dense than air. So, compared to our atmosphere at sea level,
it’s basically the same as bringing the vacuum of space down to Earth. The moment our sample arrives, it would immediately be crushed by Earth’s atmospheric pressure and implode. Air would rush to fill the vacuum and use as much energy as 12 kilograms of TNT in the process. This creates a high pressure shockwave, which shatters glass, ruptures ear drums, and maybe some internal organs. If you’re standing too close it could kill you, so you’d better keep your distance Let’s go deeper. Second sample, the photosphere Beneath the chromosphere, is the glowing surface of the Sun: the photosphere, which produces the light we see. It’s covered in a grid of a million hot spots called granules. Each of them about as big as the United States, and over 5,000 degrees Celsius. These granules are the tops of convective columns, churning gas that brings the heat up from the center of the Sun to its surface. In these columns, a few hundred kilometres down, we take our second plasma sample. It has about the same pressure as our atmosphere on earth Though still much less dense for there. Its heat supports it, so it won’t implode. Our sphere now carries twice as much energy, as much as 25 kilograms of TNT, that this time as heat. For a dazzling instant, this plasma would glow with a million times the brightness of the Sun seen from Earth, instantly lighting fires throughout our lab, but a few milliseconds later. Those fires are all that’s left. The plasma has cooled to harmless gas, floating up from the flaming ruins. What if we go deeper? Third sample. The radiative zone. Here, the plasma is about two million degrees Celsius, and so dense and tightly packed, that it creates a sort of maze for itself. Energy in the form of photons tries to escape, but has to wander for hundreds of thousands of years, bouncing endlessly from particle to particle, until it eventually finds an exit. Bringing matter from here to our lab, is what experts call, a very bad idea. As soon as it arrives in our lab, the extreme pressure that holds the plasma tightly together is gone, and the material explodes with the power of a thermonuclear weapon. Our lab as well as the city around it will be destroyed in an instant. On the bright side, there won’t be any radioactive fallout. With our lab destroyed, we can abandon the illusion that we’re trying to do any science today. What if we go much, much deeper? Last sample. The core Here in the central 1% of the star, we find a third of the sun’s mass. The matter here is compressed by the weight of the entire star above it. In the center of the core, the temperature is 15 million degrees, hot enough to make helium by smashing together hydrogen, powering the Sun by nuclear fusion. In billions of years after the death of the Sun, this core will remain as a white dwarf. If we brought a sample of it to Earth, it would cause a lot of inconvenience The biggest nuclear weapon ever detonated, had an energy of 40 megatons of TNT, or a cube the size of the Empire State Building. Our sample has the equivalent of 4,000 megatons. This is four billion tons of TNT, or a cube 1.3 kilometers high. To give you a sense of scale this is the cube inside Manhattan. Once the sphere arrives on Earth, this super dense matter expands instantly and creates an explosion with the force of well, the Sun. If we get the sample in Paris, in the morning the citizens of London would see what looks like a second sunrise. But, one that gets brighter and brighter, and hotter and hotter, until London burns to ashes. In a radius of about 300 kilometres around the blast, everything would be burnt. The shockwave would travel around the Earth multiple times. Most buildings in Central Europe would be flattened, eardrums would rupture, and windows break across the continent. The explosion would be apocalyptic. possibly humans civilization ending. If humans did survive, we could count on the dust blown into the atmosphere to create a small ice age. So, if there is one tiny bright side, it would be that the explosion might be an effective way to control human-caused climate change for a few decades. While this is definitely a good thing, all in all we conclude, that we should not try to bring the Sun to earth We’ve made a lot of questionable assumptions in this video, but our maths is real. If you’re like us and you enjoy using the power of math to calculate absurd ways to destroy stuff you may be interested in all the other things you can do with maths. For example, You could calculate how to mine mercury for silicon to build a Dyson Sphere, determine how long it will take the Sun to burn out or simply do your taxes. But as much as we love explaining these things, the best way to learn anything is by doing it yourself. Brilliant is a problem-solving website that teaches you to think like a scientist by guiding you through problems they take concepts like these break them up into bite-sized nuggets present clear thinking in each part, and then build back up to an interesting conclusion. If you visit brilliant.org/nutshell, or click the link in the description, you can sign up for free and learn all kinds of things. and as a bonus for Kurzgesagt viewers, the first 200 people will also get 20% off their annual membership.

What Happens If We Bring the Sun to Earth?
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100 thoughts on “What Happens If We Bring the Sun to Earth?

  • February 8, 2019 at 1:59 pm
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    There's brand new stuff in the Kurzgesagt Merch Shop. Check it out here: shop.kurzgesagt.org

    Reply
  • July 5, 2019 at 5:48 pm
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    whaaaaa???????

    Reply
  • July 6, 2019 at 1:55 pm
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    3 words, we all die

    Oh wait that's 5…

    Reply
  • July 6, 2019 at 9:45 pm
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    Am I literally the only one who came from the anime video?!

    Reply
  • July 6, 2019 at 9:53 pm
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    What Happens If We Bring the Sun to Earth?

    Nothing good.

    Reply
  • July 7, 2019 at 8:40 am
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    All I hear is goo!

    Reply
  • July 7, 2019 at 5:41 pm
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    He said "We'll bring 3 samples"
    But brought a sample of all of the layers

    Reply
  • July 7, 2019 at 8:46 pm
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    Don’t destroy Europe!

    Reply
  • July 7, 2019 at 10:55 pm
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    I'm really hoping your lab is not in my town

    Reply
  • July 8, 2019 at 6:43 am
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    YOU SAID IT YOU WOULD TAKE THREE SAMPLES!
    But I wouldn’t blame you
    Your just making science

    Reply
  • July 8, 2019 at 7:28 am
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    What happens is, everything burns up, and you get 5 million views for making a stupid absurd video.

    Reply
  • July 9, 2019 at 7:15 am
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    that green duck at the end blowing is soo cute!

    Reply
  • July 9, 2019 at 8:09 am
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    Tsar Bomba: exists
    Sun's Core: it's free real estate

    Reply
  • July 9, 2019 at 1:37 pm
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    fuck my house got roasted in both ways

    Reply
  • July 9, 2019 at 4:55 pm
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    The tsar bomba wasn't 40 megatons.. it was 58.6. Get your facts right!

    Reply
  • July 9, 2019 at 5:17 pm
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    Just use fire resistance.

    Reply
  • July 10, 2019 at 2:18 pm
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    Why does the Lab look like the Black Mesa Test Chamber from Half-Life?

    Reply
  • July 10, 2019 at 7:47 pm
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    As if I am gonna go to the sun and pop a piece off and bring it down to earth

    Reply
  • July 11, 2019 at 12:11 am
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    No will not die. If we have the technology to bring a piece of sun across 150 million kilometers without changing the temperature and density of it, we are surely able to hold it with a force field.

    Reply
  • July 11, 2019 at 2:26 am
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    Can you make a video named end of internet

    Reply
  • July 11, 2019 at 3:08 am
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    What happens if you shoot yourself in the face? Just another stupid fucking question

    Reply
  • July 11, 2019 at 3:33 pm
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    Random person: short answer, you’d die.

    Kurzgezast we all know and love: long answer, it depends.

    Reply
  • July 12, 2019 at 1:08 am
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    Plasma also forms in light bulb placed in a copper wire and attached to the discharge on my Tesla
    I had a bulb that never lost the filament, but the electrical discharge cut through the glass
    Bulb still heated the filament.

    Reply
  • July 12, 2019 at 3:05 am
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    What if we (Insert Action Here)

    Short Answer: y o u d i e

    Reply
  • July 12, 2019 at 7:00 am
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    Great videos.

    How about a "what would happen if we start dumpfiring asteroid like rocks with minerals and water on habitable planets"

    Reply
  • July 12, 2019 at 8:42 am
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    nobody:

    Kurzgesagt: What Happens If We Bring the Sun to Earth?

    Reply
  • July 12, 2019 at 8:49 am
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    I’m learning more than I am at school

    Reply
  • July 13, 2019 at 5:49 am
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    I miss Adventure Time

    Reply
  • July 14, 2019 at 12:08 am
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    what if the core was under watter

    Reply
  • July 14, 2019 at 6:13 am
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    No one…
    Not a thing that exists…
    YouTube: HEy gUYs, WaNT to SEe tHe SUn oN EArTh?!?!

    Reply
  • July 14, 2019 at 6:50 pm
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    5:39 2020:Greta Thunberg bring the sun on the earth

    Reply
  • July 17, 2019 at 1:45 am
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    Fucking werid

    Reply
  • July 17, 2019 at 5:33 am
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    제일 처음에는 박살나는 거

    Reply
  • July 17, 2019 at 8:58 am
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    You have never mentioned what we would hold the samples in

    Reply
  • July 17, 2019 at 11:01 pm
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    how do we know about the sun if we die

    Reply
  • July 18, 2019 at 6:54 am
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    What happens when you bring the sun on earth:

    You prove yourself an idiot

    Reply
  • July 18, 2019 at 12:48 pm
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    no birds were harmed in the making of this video

    Reply
  • July 18, 2019 at 1:24 pm
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    Short answer: We would get a bad sunburn

    Reply
  • July 18, 2019 at 9:55 pm
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    What happen if you bring the Sun on earth ?

    Answer: you died

    Reply
  • July 19, 2019 at 9:43 am
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    Once upon a time, everyone died. The end

    Reply
  • July 19, 2019 at 5:49 pm
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    TLDR we die

    Reply
  • July 19, 2019 at 10:13 pm
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    short answer: you die
    long answer: yyyyyooooouuuuu dddddiiiiieeeee

    Reply
  • July 20, 2019 at 1:33 am
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    0:04
    Why do I think of the black hole

    Reply
  • July 20, 2019 at 8:35 am
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    when will new universe start

    Reply
  • July 20, 2019 at 7:19 pm
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    Why don't you even tell negative points?

    Reply
  • July 21, 2019 at 7:33 pm
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    Short answer? Phoenix, Arizona.

    Reply
  • July 22, 2019 at 3:47 pm
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    In this case, you’d die.

    That was from another vid sorry

    Reply
  • July 23, 2019 at 10:09 pm
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    Short answer: global warming took to the major limit

    Reply
  • July 26, 2019 at 10:39 am
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    Short answer: You die.

    me: OBVIOUSLY

    Reply
  • July 27, 2019 at 3:42 am
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    What would happen if you brought the Sun to Earth?

    Answer:

    You can’t.

    Reply
  • July 27, 2019 at 10:34 am
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    What happens if we bring the Sun to Earth?
    Short answer: DEATH
    Long answer: DEATH

    Reply
  • July 27, 2019 at 1:51 pm
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    People: we would die me: EXTRA CRISPY

    Reply
  • July 27, 2019 at 2:39 pm
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    Kurzgesagt – Top 10000 ways to make myself say "You die".

    Reply
  • July 28, 2019 at 11:36 am
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    Plot twist: We Bring the Earth to the Sun.

    Reply
  • July 29, 2019 at 12:11 am
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    You lost all of your credibility with me when you said humans cause climate change. In the same way you dumb things down to show scale constantly, you should give a scale of the biomass of humans compared to the biomass of trees, fish, algae, deer, or even ants. We are tiny and insignificant compared to this planet, we occupy so little space comparatively speaking. Don’t take my word for it, when you go up into an airplane and get past 20k feet, you can’t recognize many human structures at all, all you see is trees, grass, fields etc.

    Reply
  • July 29, 2019 at 2:14 am
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    Look at the bright side. In the end, you discover something magnificent…
    …something magnificent that'll kill you eventually. So yeah. Don't try this at home kids, that's if you can even try.

    Reply
  • July 29, 2019 at 9:32 pm
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    Wait… how large is the sample?

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 2:26 am
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    You are dead. Not big suprise

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 3:25 am
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    you die

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 12:50 pm
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    God : Wait I didn't say Bring the sun to earth

    I Told you TO EXPLODE IT

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 8:45 pm
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    Short Answer: Death

    Reply
  • July 31, 2019 at 3:50 pm
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    London Bridge is Burning down, BURNING DOWN, BURNING DOWN!

    Reply
  • July 31, 2019 at 7:16 pm
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    guy: finally I got piece of the sun. Sun: FUCK YOOUUU. Guy: crap. sun: explodes

    Reply
  • August 1, 2019 at 5:53 am
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    i want a bomb pls

    Reply
  • August 1, 2019 at 1:35 pm
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    On the bright side, it would glow.

    Reply
  • August 1, 2019 at 9:12 pm
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    The Sun is my favorite thermonuclear weapon.

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 5:51 am
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    …I highly doubt we'll be able to ever see what happens. o_O

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 11:26 am
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    plasma is the fourth state of matter

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 11:43 am
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    I heard Megaman charging at 4:15

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 3:12 pm
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    What about a microscopic sustaining piece of the Suns core kept in a Dyson sphere ?

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 10:01 pm
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    apparently 4 is 3 now

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 10:44 pm
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    we'll take the sun and push it over there

    Reply
  • August 4, 2019 at 2:53 am
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    We burn and die, I’m not even gonna watch the video.

    Reply
  • August 4, 2019 at 3:27 pm
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    why kurzgesagt always get so many dislikes?

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 6:04 pm
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    Everyone with this accent sounds smart

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 6:07 pm
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    Ice King

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 7:11 pm
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    The trolli adds are my worst fear

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 10:02 pm
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    Next thing on thumbnail: S u n o n s u n

    Reply
  • August 6, 2019 at 9:09 am
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    We die

    Reply
  • August 7, 2019 at 2:15 am
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    yes

    Reply
  • August 7, 2019 at 9:27 am
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    WAIT IS THAT ICE KING 5:39

    Reply
  • August 7, 2019 at 12:42 pm
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    Ok, that sound realistic and all, but what if we put earth to sun instead sun into earth?

    Reply
  • August 7, 2019 at 10:55 pm
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    Someday we will have a software able to replicate/simulate 100% of physics laws and space-time digitally and we will be able to test this kind of questions as easy as we can today launch universe sandbox and see what happens i we delete the sun. Mark my words.

    Reply
  • August 8, 2019 at 2:33 am
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    유다희

    Reply
  • August 9, 2019 at 10:24 am
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    Hey look I’m on fire

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 12:31 am
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    Easy common sense

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 11:16 am
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    London bridge is falling down, falling down, falling down…

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 2:43 am
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    We die. I was right.

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 3:30 am
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    Yeah absolutely right Ravi means SUN ☀💪👍👌👈

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 3:44 am
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    to sum it up: death happens

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 3:45 pm
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    Hfff… Eksploshin make WET

    Oh.. that's my skin melting

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 3:53 pm
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    5:20
    Daww… No! Not a tear! I could watch you bords disintegrate, burn, be cut to pieces, explode, and be crushed, but seeing that birb be knocked down… Touches my sad bone :c

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 4:50 pm
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    I was taught recently that its metal hydrogen. So plasma or metal?

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 6:49 pm
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    did the sun tell you that?

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 10:01 pm
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    What happens is

    -fire
    -fire
    -and more fire

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 10:40 pm
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    Bruh just put fire resistance on the entire earth on all humans now u can have a piece of the sun.

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 3:38 am
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    Alright boys, everybody grab your SPF 40 sunscreen, grab a bucket of ice and we'll be set. *Slurps down a Diet Coke*

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 3:39 am
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    1:51
    Michael Scott: (Inhales deeply through nose) THAT'S WHAT SHE SAID!!!

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 6:20 am
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    What happens if we bring the sun to Earth? I will go to Canada.

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 6:35 am
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    EXPULOSION!!!!

    Reply

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