The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria is a phenomenon
so terrible and shocking it seems impossible. It controls an area the size of the United
Kingdom, commits mass atrocities, and launches terror attacks abroad. To understand ISIS, it helps to tell the story
of its rise. That story begins far away and many years
before ISIS existed. In 1979 the Soviet Union invades Afghanistan
to defend a puppet dictator against rebels. Young men from the MidEast flock to join the
rebels. Many see it as a religious struggle, and some
develop extremist views. Among them is a well-educated young Saudi
named Osama bin Laden. Also in Afghanistan is a semi-literate former
street thug from Jordan named Abu Musab Zarqawi. They do not get along, and never will, but
will create the groups we today know as al-Qaeda and as ISIS. The Soviets withdraw in 1989 and the Arab
fighters return home. Bin Laden grows al-Qaeda into a global network,
to continue the struggle against Islam’s enemies. Zarqawi forms his own group, but it fizzles.
Both men later return to Afghanistan, now ruled by the Taliban. On September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda attacks America
from its base there. The US invades Afghanistan and bin Laden flees
to Pakistan. Zarqawi, still obscure, flees to a remote and lawless corner of Iraq. Two years later, the US does something that
will transform the Middle East and set the stage for ISIS: it invades Iraq. The Americans topple Saddam Hussein’s secular,
Sunni dictatorship and disbands the Iraqi army. Thousands of Sunni Iraqi soldiers, angry and
unemployed, join the insurgency. Jihadist groups, also Sunni, see this as a
repeat of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and again flood in to fight. Zarqawi is among
them. Zarqawi’s group becomes Iraq’s most ruthless.
He especially attacks Shia, Iraq’s majority, deliberately sparking a Sunni-Shia civil war. By 2004, Zarqawi is a jihadist superstar. Al-Qaeda, isolated and weakened, attempts
to bolster its image by forming an alliance with Zarqawi’s group, which becomes known
as al-Qaeda in Iraq. But in 2006, Iraq’s Sunnis rise up against
Zarqawi, and the US kills him in an air strike. Over the next few years al-Qaeda in Iraq is
largely defeated. The Americans withdraw in 2011 from an Iraq
that finally looks stable. In 2011, the Arab Spring spreads across the
Middle East. In Syria, Bashar al-Assad cracks down violently on protesters. They eventually fire back, leading to civil
war. Assad fears the world will intervene against him. So he releases jihadists en masse from Syrian
prisons, tinging the rebels with extremism and making it harder for foreigners to back
them. Back in Iraq, what little remains of Zarqawi’s
group is still allied with al-Qaeda but now known as the Islamic State in Iraq. It’s led by a bookish religious scholar who
calls himself Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. In early 2012, Baghdadi sends a top deputy
to Syria to start a new al-Qaeda branch to fight alongside the rebels: Jabhat al-Nusra. Baghdadi also attacks a series of prisons
in Iraq. They free former jihadists and recruit new ones, growing stronger. In April 2013, Baghdadi announces he is taking
control of all al-Qaeda-allied forces in Syria and Iraq. His group expands into Syria, becoming the
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS. Al-Qaeda rejects Baghdadi’s power grab and,
in 2014, formally exiles him. The two jihadist groups, long at odds, are
now at war. ISIS grows powerful in Syria, in part because
Assad tolerates its rise, which he does because it divides his enemies within Syria, and foreign
powers are too focused on ISIS now to worry about Assad. By June 2014, ISIS has built an army in Syria,
and it launches a military-style invasion into Iraq. The Iraqi army, weakened by corruption, folds
with little fight. Many Sunnis are tired of their Shia-dominated
and increasingly authoritarian government, and welcome or at least tolerate ISIS’s arrival. Within days, ISIS controls a third of Iraq
and a big part of Syria. ISIS’s goal is more audacious than anything
imagined by al-Qaeda: to revive the ancient Caliphate and expand it to encompass all Muslims. It earnestly believes its holy war will then
bring about the apocalypse as foretold in scripture. Thousands of Muslims, mostly from the Middle
East and from Europe, flock to join the group. Some join for religious reasons, but many
are just disillusioned or angry, and feel that ISIS offers them answers and a purpose. ISIS quickly overreaches. That August, it
invades Kurdish territory in Iraq and Syria, sparking counter-attacks from better-organized
Kurdish forces. It launches a genocide against Iraqi Yazidis
and murders the American journalist James Foley on camera, outraging the world and provoking
an American-led air campaign against it. ISIS is unable to withstand the onslaught,
and loses more than a fifth of its territory. In response, it begins launching increasingly
spectacular terror attacks abroad: Kuwait City, Sinai, Beirut, Sousse and then Paris. So-called lone wolves inspired by ISIS propaganda
also launch attacks, though they’re often amateurish and less effective. Eventually, ISIS will lose its state. It is
simply too weak, has no allies or outside funders, and is surrounded by enemies. But ISIS will respond by reverting to what
it was before, as AQI: an insurgency and a terror group still capable of horrifying violence. In that form, it could be around for years.

The rise of ISIS, explained in 6 minutes

100 thoughts on “The rise of ISIS, explained in 6 minutes

  • July 8, 2019 at 2:12 pm
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    What song is this

    Reply
  • July 8, 2019 at 5:07 pm
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    20 bucks the Sunni fanatical Fedayeen isn’t mentioned.

    Reply
  • July 9, 2019 at 8:23 am
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    Forgot that the USA funded them back in the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?

    Reply
  • July 11, 2019 at 12:14 am
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    Edit: the American government caused 911

    Reply
  • July 14, 2019 at 4:23 am
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    we all know who gave them all the weapons

    Reply
  • July 15, 2019 at 1:35 am
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    I never understood when people said that the United States made Isis until now we did make isis

    Reply
  • July 15, 2019 at 3:43 pm
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    You are giving the full information the real inventor of isis is America

    Reply
  • July 16, 2019 at 9:40 am
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    6:02 who is he

    Reply
  • July 16, 2019 at 11:07 pm
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    I'm sorry. But, I did the purpose of ISIS' general outline? Besides, they're infiltrated by the US Government or no?

    Reply
  • July 17, 2019 at 9:20 am
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    USA is biggest isis fk USA

    Reply
  • July 20, 2019 at 3:47 am
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    I love how the name changes but the motivations dont. These "groups" are all controlled and were created by the USA and Israel as controlled opposition to emanate influence on the middle east and gain further control over the region/resources. It was always to combat the Soviet Union through proxy wars. The cold war has not stopped. Nuclear power no longer matters, it is economic power that does. Anyone who disagrees watches too many news channels in their respective countries. Free yourself from these media channels owned by the elites.

    Reply
  • July 20, 2019 at 4:42 am
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    The US created modern terrorism. Bin Laden was a CIA operative that was sent by the US during the Soviet-Afghan War to train the Mujahideen. He was radicalized then and there. 9/11 was karma for the US, for funding wars they shouldn't be involved in. Ofcourse VOX wouldn't talk about this part of the war, because it goes against their pro-US narrative.

    Reply
  • July 21, 2019 at 5:36 am
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    Baghdadi is terrifying

    Reply
  • July 21, 2019 at 5:46 am
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    وبعد ثلاث سنوات من الغزو الأمريكي للعراق أعلن رامزفلت الاستقالة والانهزام ، وأعلن المجاهدون قيام دولة الاسلام
    خرجت أمريكا2010 وأقسم المجاهدون لأن خرجتم لتعودن وماهي الا بضع سنوات حتى عادت بخيلها ورجلها وعتادها
    لقد وقعت في مستنقع الهلاك التي لن تخرج منه حتى نعزوهم ولا يغزوننا .

    Reply
  • July 22, 2019 at 1:26 am
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    بختصار أمريكا الي أنشئت داعش

    Reply
  • July 22, 2019 at 3:41 am
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    or thats what the NWO wants us to think (they can use media to convince us of anything)

    Reply
  • July 23, 2019 at 10:25 am
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    isis not attack israel.they attack muslim country

    Reply
  • July 24, 2019 at 12:52 am
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    I live in Iraq

    Reply
  • July 25, 2019 at 3:08 am
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    Who launched ISIS as plan B in order to raise suspension ?
    When U.S faced opposition of Russia to attack Syria?
    Why was Abu bakkar al Baghdadi was released when he was captured in Iraq ?
    He was projectized to work for CIA & mossad to make greater israel and also let US to occupy more of natural assets…

    Reply
  • July 25, 2019 at 1:08 pm
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    O==[]:::::::::::::>

    Reply
  • July 26, 2019 at 2:31 am
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    Isis …
    Made by America,
    Functioned by the Saudi

    Reply
  • July 26, 2019 at 12:20 pm
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    1:28 So Zarqawi is basically the reason why the USA invaded Iraq

    Reply
  • July 29, 2019 at 3:05 am
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    CIA/FBI/MOSSAD BEHIND IS SIMPLE

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 12:46 am
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    So America invaded Iraq for no reason

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 12:48 am
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    America created isis they didn’t need to attack Iraq they’re just annoying

    Reply
  • July 31, 2019 at 7:34 am
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    I thought Jordanians were not Jihadists…

    Reply
  • July 31, 2019 at 5:33 pm
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    الله اكبر 🇸🇦🤦🏼‍♂️

    Reply
  • August 1, 2019 at 6:16 pm
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    Very good documentary, as zarqawi divided the world into Believers and non-believers I tell you this this war is a war between Believers and non-believers whether they be Christian Muslim or Jewish scripture will be fulfilled and it's mostly Christian prophecy that will be fulfilled here, for that is the true Doctrine in this spiritual war.

    Reply
  • August 3, 2019 at 3:43 pm
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    Muslim people can't live without war.I don't think thier relegion promotes peace 🤷

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 11:59 am
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    Rise of Taliban n isis explained in one word – USA .

    Reply
  • August 6, 2019 at 3:15 pm
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    Islam is cancer of humanity

    Reply
  • August 6, 2019 at 6:13 pm
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    Do one for Boku Haram Please

    Reply
  • August 8, 2019 at 3:17 pm
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    Backdaddy

    Reply
  • August 10, 2019 at 7:08 pm
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    Came because of osama

    Reply
  • August 11, 2019 at 4:44 pm
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    Yah lies lies lies

    Reply
  • August 13, 2019 at 3:35 pm
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    1 like=one prayer for the victims

    Reply
  • August 15, 2019 at 12:56 pm
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    I know its futile to comment since people will never change their opinion but at least outsiders with neutral perception can at least get to know some truth.
    Firstly, the word Sunni is handled too casually in present times. Earlier it used to refer to a particular group(and most people were united) but now many groups takes its claim. So the only meaning today of the word is that the person is not Shia, nothing else.
    There is more groups than normal people know of.

    Secondly, now coming to all these conflicts in middle state and terrorist organization, all go back to a single event in history, "The fall of Ottoman empire".
    This was sadly an internal affair, where a person named Abdul Wahab, born in Najd, deviated from proper Islam and incited people of Arabs against the Turks.
    Turks left bcoz they didn't want to fight on the blessed lands of Mecca and Madina.
    The tribes fought among each other and the Saud family won, giving rise to Saudia Arabia.
    This person, Abdul wahab najdi, gave rise to a new sect called Wahabism and Saudis became the followers.
    He brought upon so many deviation from the true islam and corrupted people's belief and caused massacre of 20000 Arab scholars. He eventually met his end in Turkey when he went there to propogate his devlish ideas.

    Now, islam(the current ummat)is 1400 years old but terrorism is recent. And do u know what also came around the time when terrorism arrived? Wahabism.
    Yes, this radical group is the mother of terrorism and believe me when i say that we Ahle sunnat hate these bigots more than all other people on Earth. They have blown up the mausoleum(tomb) of our pioused ancestors and continue to do so. They even do so in our gatherings.
    No matter the intervention from USA and Russia, these are the ones to blame. We need to fight them together and bring peace!

    Reply
  • August 15, 2019 at 8:37 pm
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    This jevv channel not mentioning Isis is mossad

    Reply
  • August 18, 2019 at 11:28 am
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    Sorry to say that number one terrorist supporter government is the government of US and NATO

    Reply
  • August 18, 2019 at 11:33 am
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    And the main purpose of making such kinds of group is just making troubles for Russia and Russia's followers .

    Reply
  • August 18, 2019 at 11:35 am
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    But actually the struggling and striving to maligne Islam and preach hate against Islam .

    Reply
  • August 18, 2019 at 11:00 pm
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    We need to end isis

    Reply
  • August 20, 2019 at 3:20 am
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    Saudi Arabia is funding ISIS. They need to re-do this video and also need to mention who armed the mujahedeen.

    Reply
  • August 20, 2019 at 10:20 am
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    No true god would want his children dead. Use your brains

    Reply
  • August 21, 2019 at 8:14 am
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    ISIS
    "Israel Secret Intelligence Service"
    I Wonder Why ISIS Never Attacked Israel..¿¿ Hmm . Somethings Fishy !!!

    Reply
  • August 21, 2019 at 8:17 pm
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    Further reason for Muslims to continue to play the victim card, the fact is they are the first casualties of what in all likelihood is one of the most infamous fabrication of a man or woman, this particular organised religion,

    Reply
  • August 22, 2019 at 3:51 pm
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    It leaves a bad impression of muslims……..these things are not allowed in islam so idk why are they calling themselves muslim

    Reply
  • August 29, 2019 at 5:40 am
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    Islam is threat to world peace and humanity

    Reply
  • August 31, 2019 at 10:35 pm
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    ok it all started with my country, I'm sorry 😂

    Reply
  • September 1, 2019 at 11:41 am
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    In my command every USA former president present president future president should be send to Syria Iraq to take the oil…. No security will be provided and good news for the USA military sleep eat drink have fun enjoy your life again with your wife and childrens in your own country…..former president present president will do all the jod you all have been doing for 20 year's

    Reply
  • September 2, 2019 at 8:05 pm
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    What a mess…May Allah forgive us…all over the world muslims are dying… we need unity

    Reply
  • September 5, 2019 at 9:37 am
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    Pakistan created isis

    Reply
  • September 7, 2019 at 12:53 pm
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    Θα τα πληρωσετε ακριβά αυτά κουφαλες

    Reply
  • September 7, 2019 at 2:32 pm
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    How to get rid of all these terrorists
    Destroy Saudi Arabia

    Reply
  • September 8, 2019 at 4:05 am
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    the world is scary

    Reply
  • September 8, 2019 at 6:40 am
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    Earth is for everybody, human didn't create earth, people made this rule.

    Reply
  • September 8, 2019 at 5:22 pm
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    so this is also called as “how dust 2 was made”

    Reply
  • September 9, 2019 at 3:18 am
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    Islam is a religion of peace

    Reply
  • September 9, 2019 at 4:32 am
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    The weapons fell from the sky?!?…

    Reply
  • September 10, 2019 at 9:39 am
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    Yess ISIS yesss

    Reply
  • September 10, 2019 at 5:22 pm
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    So years later when they returned you said it was now rulled by the Taliban but ladan wasn't even there? How is he the leader and mastermind. And why is saudias off the hook?

    Reply
  • September 11, 2019 at 7:25 am
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    Well explained,in todays modern world there is no place for extremist terrorist organization.
    Jai hind

    Reply
  • September 11, 2019 at 12:22 pm
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    This is what we should think. Stay in the box please.

    Reply
  • September 13, 2019 at 3:55 am
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    What's the music in this?

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 1:54 am
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    ISIS flourished in Iraq right after America pulled its army, hmmm.

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 7:09 am
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    Wish oversimplified could make a video about this

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 11:07 am
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    Kurdish is Muslim sunny

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 11:15 pm
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    To be honest, the yanks cause most of the world's problems. USA = the worst country that ever existed.

    Reply
  • September 17, 2019 at 4:16 am
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    Hilary even admitted that US created al qaeda idk why there are people that still dont believe it. The US is the biggest terrorist country and despite promoting ‘diversity’ theyre the ones butting into other countries’ problems… sad that muslims get all the blame and that people wont even try to search for the truth

    Reply
  • September 18, 2019 at 8:53 pm
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    You don't actually believe al quida conducted 9/11, do you?! LOL

    Reply
  • September 22, 2019 at 7:09 am
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    Made in Isreal

    Reply
  • September 23, 2019 at 8:03 am
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    you forgot to mention US support the rebels in Syria that known now as ISIS.

    Reply
  • September 25, 2019 at 12:00 am
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    At least bin Laden outlived zarqawi

    Reply
  • September 26, 2019 at 6:32 am
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    So this is the reason why Isis attack philippines?

    Reply
  • September 26, 2019 at 6:45 am
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    आधार मशीन आँख फोटो सावधान मोदी कि माँ कि बूर

    Reply
  • September 26, 2019 at 6:45 am
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    देख भारत लड कबाड नही सकते मेरा मादचोद लोग परिवार वार किया इनकी बीवी बूर वार कर मेरे लिऐ

    Reply
  • September 27, 2019 at 12:55 pm
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    So Zarqawi is basically the reason why the USA invaded Iraq.
    During the invasion his group supported Saddam Hussein against the US.

    So i guess Bush was right about the fact that Saddam had connections to terrorists.

    Reply
  • September 27, 2019 at 8:01 pm
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    Imagine no religion…..

    Reply
  • September 29, 2019 at 12:52 pm
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    ISIS DOESN'T REPRESENTING ISLAM AND QURAN. PERIOD.

    Reply
  • September 29, 2019 at 5:53 pm
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    us developed terrorism

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 5:40 am
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    The US funds these guys

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 6:41 am
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    5:07 notice how many terrorists cane from Western Europe 😦. How many are still here? Scary to think that even your neighbour can be a muj

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 10:53 am
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    Man so much wrong info you don't even say half of it lol.

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 2:42 pm
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    I thought Al Qaeda and ISIS were friends or did they become friends after the fall of OBL
    So first Bin Laden vs Zarqawi now it’s Jabhat al nusra vs Abu Bakr Baghdadi

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 2:48 pm
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    Isis and America have been destroying Syria from face to legs nearly everything is wrecked broken in Syria along with a lot of Syrian citizens killed and some left their country

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 11:38 pm
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    Recently discovered this cahnnel…
    This chammel is very good…

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 2:37 am
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    Who created Taliban out of nowhere?
    Where does this group get funded from?
    Who is osama bin ladin?
    Who is George W.Bush?

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 9:32 am
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    So why at 9/11 40000 Jews were given holiday on.a working day.Coincidence? I think not.

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 2:21 pm
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    The intro matched many Call of duty intros

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 7:13 pm
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    And what the heck does "audacious"? mean?? Seriously, I'm a college graduate and a retired newspaper reporter and I didn't understand this video or your big words.

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 11:24 pm
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    IRAQ LOBSTER

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 12:51 am
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    Forgot to mention that the US invasion of Irak was illegal under international law, notably Article 2 par 4 of the Charter of the United Nations.

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 1:55 am
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    Not bad but missing the key part where jihadists went to join fights in North Africa and after defeating Gaddafi, they acquired military weapons and anti air missiles which they brought back to Iraq/Syria on a safe path through Turkey that the Saudis had asked for and CIA knowingly let happen.

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 10:11 am
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    i hope turkey will end this dynasty

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 11:04 am
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    Made in USA

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 1:32 pm
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    is ISIS big or small?

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 2:56 pm
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    In my india ,isis is called RSS(in its infant stages)

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 6:22 pm
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    Moral- American government created isis by full plan.

    Reply
  • October 3, 2019 at 8:43 am
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    Everyone gangster till Russia comes in

    Reply
  • October 3, 2019 at 11:15 am
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    United states and UK are big terrorists organisations the world has ever seen

    Reply

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