We’ve never seen them directly, yet we know
they are there, lurking within dense star clusters or wandering the dust lanes of the
galaxy, where they prey on stars or swallow planets whole. Our Milky Way may harbor millions of black
holes, the ultra dense remnants of dead stars. But now, in the universe far beyond our galaxy,
there’s evidence of something far more ominous, a breed of black holes that has reached incomprehensible
size and destructive power. Just how large, and violent, and strange can
they get? A new era in astronomy has revealed a universe
long hidden to us. High-tech instruments sent into space have
been tuned to sense high-energy forms of light – x-rays and gamma rays – that are invisible
to our eyes and do not penetrate our atmosphere. On the ground, precision telescopes are equipped
with technologies that allow them to cancel out the blurring effects of the atmosphere. They are peering into the far reaches of the
universe, and into distant caldrons of light and energy. In some distant galaxies, astronomers are
now finding evidence that space and time are being shattered by eruptions so vast they
boggle the mind. We are just beginning to understand the impact
these outbursts have had on the universe: on the shapes of galaxies, the spread of elements
that make up stars and planets, and ultimately the very existence of Earth. The discovery of what causes these eruptions
has led to a new understanding of cosmic history. Back in 1995, the Hubble space telescope was
enlisted to begin filling in the details of that history. Astronomers selected tiny regions in the sky,
between the stars. For days at a time, they focused Hubble’s gaze on remote regions
of the universe. These Hubble Deep Field images offered incredibly
clear views of the cosmos in its infancy. What drew astronomers’ attention were the
tiniest galaxies, covering only a few pixels on Hubble’s detector. Most of them do not have the grand spiral
or elliptical shapes of large galaxies we see close to us today. Instead, they are irregular,
scrappy collections of stars. The Hubble Deep Field confirmed a long-standing
idea that the universe must have evolved in a series of building blocks, with small galaxies
gradually merging and assembling into larger ones. You can see evidence of this pattern by looking
out into the universe. Many galaxies are gyrating around one another. Some are crashing together,
others ripping each other apart. Gravity calls the tune as these galaxies draw
together, exchanging stars and gas, and, over time, merging to form larger composite galaxies. This came to be known as the hierarchical
picture of cosmic history, in which the universe evolved from the ground up, with its structures
growing larger and larger over time. A team operating at the Subaru Observatory
atop Hawaii’s Mauna Kea volcano examined one of the deepest galaxies known, whose light
has taken nearly 13 billion years to reach us. It was a messenger from a time not long after
the universe was born. This object is known as a quasar, short for
“quasi-stellar radio source.” It offered a stunning surprise. A small region in its
center is so bright that astronomers believe its light is coming not from a collection
of stars, but from a single object of at least a billion times the mass of our sun. This beacon is generated by gas falling onto
the object and heating up to extreme temperatures. The only thing known to generate this much
power is a swirling caldron, where space suddenly turns dark as it merges into a giant black
hole. For astronomers, the question was: how did
this black hole get so big so early in the history of the universe? It likely got its start in an early generation
of stars, often known as population 3 stars. Made up of hydrogen, they are thought to have
been hundreds of times the mass of the sun. These giant stars burned hot and fast, and
died young. A star is like a cosmic pressure-cooker. In
its core, the crush of gravity produces such intense heat that atoms are stripped and rearranged.
Lighter elements like hydrogen and helium fuse together to form heavier ones like calcium,
oxygen, silicon, and finally iron. When enough iron accumulates in the core of
the star, it begins to collapse of its own weight. That can send a shock wave racing outward
that literally blows the star apart in a supernova. At the moment the star dies, if enough matter
falls into its core, it can collapse to a point, forming a black hole. The first generations of stars and black holes
burst onto the cosmic scene in a time of incredible turbulence. Within primordial gas clouds, stars were being
born in dense knots. They gave rise to black holes that began to swallow more and more
matter. A computer simulation of the early universe
shows just how quickly these voracious monsters were able to grow. The project, by scientists at Carnegie Mellon
University, was designed to recreate a region in the early universe that measured over a
hundred million light years on a side. It shows what took place in the first one
billion years of cosmic history. This virtual universe is set in motion by
equations describing the properties of gas, the energy released in star birth and the
outward motion of time and space. The result: an intricate cosmic web, with
gravity drawing matter into filaments and knots like a vast tangle of interconnected
spiders’ webs. Inside the densest regions is where the largest
galaxies, and black holes, grew. Here, circles indicate the appearance of black holes deep
in the data. As they gain weight, by eating up their surroundings,
the circles grow larger. A few, in the largest galaxies, reach ultra massive proportions,
billions of times the mass of the sun. These black holes were not just swallowing
gas. The orbiting Chandra X-Ray Observatory was
dispatched to look into distant galaxies for black holes on growth spurts. Scientists looked for pockets of gas and stars
glowing hotly in X-ray light. What Chandra found was that the core of some
distant galaxies countained hot pairs, twin supermassive black holes drawn together by
gravity. Black holes by nature resist this dark marriage.
As the two approach each other, they go into an orbit that could last virtually forever. To learn what allows them to merge, we go
back to the ideas developed by Albert Einstein. He said that when massive bodies accelerate
or whip around each other, they literally disturb the fabric of space, causing it to
ripple like a disturbance on a pond. When these ripples move outward, they carry
with them the energy of the pair’s orbit, causing them to spiral closer. When this dance of death comes to an end,
that’s when the pair joins together to form a larger black hole. That moment may be approaching for a quasar
called OJ-287, at 3.5 billion light years away. Flareups in the surrounding region have led
astrophysicists to conclude that another black hole is flying around it. By measuring the giant’s gravitational hold
on its companion, astronomers estimate its mass at 18 billion solar masses. For a time, OJ-287 was the largest black hole
ever detected. It no longer is. Deep in the heart of the Coma galaxy cluster,
a mere 321 million light years away, lies a giant eliptical galaxy known as NGC 4889. Astronomers used several large telescopes
to measure the speed at which stars are orbiting around the center. They used that data to
calculate the mass of the central object, a whopping 21 billion solar masses, give or
take a few billion. Theoretically there are no limits to how much
weight a black hole can gain. And yet even the largest black holes, and
their host galaxies, seem to obey limits. What holds them back has to do with the way
clusters of galaxies evolve, a pattern long noted by scientists. This computer simulation shows the evolution
of a galaxy cluster in the early universe. The gravity of the entire region draws small
galaxies by the thousands, along with great streams of gas, into the center. So why doesn’t the central galaxy, and the
black hole that resides within it, capture all this matter? Why don’t they swallow
the entire cluster? You can see the answer in a region called
MS0735. At two and a half billion light years away, it appears in visible light to be a
typical galaxy cluster. In X-ray light, you can see that it’s enveloped
in a cloud of hot gas, measured at nearly 50 million degrees. Hollowed out of this cloud are two immense
cavities up to 600,000 light years across. That’s enough room in each to stuff 600
galaxies the size of our Milky Way. Now add in a radio image of the cluster. You
can see two vast streams of matter pushing out from the center. That’s a give-away that the cavities were
formed by an eruption in the core of the giant central galaxy. Two jets, shooting out of
a central black hole, have launched blast waves that plowed through the gas that makes
up the inter-galactic medium. The
energy it took to carve out these Xray cavities
is remarkable, the equivalent of several billion supernovae, according to one calculation. In fact, this has been referred to as the
largest single eruption recorded since the big bang. It was generated by a black hole that weighs
in at around 10 billion solar masses. Black hole jets like this have been seen all
around the universe, including in our own cosmic neighborhood. This is the famous M87 galaxy, at the center
of the Virgo galaxy cluster, around 50 million light years away Astronomers have been intensively studying
the black hole that lurks in its heart, and recently estimated its mass at 6.6 billion
solar masses. It powers a pair of high-powered jets that
are plowing through the galaxy. But how does a black hole, a creature famous
for hiding in the dark, emit this much energy? Think of a black hole as the eye of a cosmic
hurricane, kept rotating by all the stars, gas, and other black holes that fall into
it. As this matter flows in, it forms a spinning
donut-like feature called an accretion disk, which works like a dynamo. The spinning motion of the disk generates
magnetic fields that twist around and channel some of the inflowing matter out into a pair
of high-energy beams, or jets. How much energy depends on the black hole’s
gravity, and how much matter has already crashed through the event horizon. Is this just another frightening spectacle
of Nature? Or is it part of a more profound process at work? It shows that a monster black
hole will not be forcefed. The largest black holes in the universe probably
rose between 10 and 12 billion years ago, the age of the quasars. By releasing energy
in the form of jets, they heated up their surrounding regions. This prevented gas from
collapsing into the central galaxy, and allowed smaller galaxies on the periphery to form
and grow. But the impact the black holes did not stop
there. This Chandra image of the Hydra A galaxy cluster shows the same immense hot cavities,
glowing in X-ray light, as well as a jet blasting out of its central galaxy. Gas along the edge of the jet was found to
contain high levels of iron and other metals probably generated by supernova explosions
in the center. By pushing these metals into regions beyond,
a black hole seeded more distant galaxies with the elements needed to form stars and
solar systems like ours. The black holes in these more remote galaxies
then seeded their own environments. This is what might be happening in Centaurus A, also
known as the “hamburger galaxy.” Peering through the dense dust lanes that
dominate our line of sight, astronomers have come to believe that it’s actually two galaxies
in the act of colliding. In X-rays, you can see a jet erupting from
the center. This computer simulation shows the effect
of such a merger on black holes. As the two galaxies pass by each other, the pull of gravity
disrupts their spiral shapes, forcing huge volumes of gas into their cores. As the black holes begin to feed, they emit
blast waves that push much of the loose gas out beyond the boundaries of the new galaxy. In the final steps of this cosmic dance, the
two black holes merge, and emit one final blast. To think that our Earth, our solar system,
ourselves are the beneficiaries of these far-away monsters. The largest black holes have played
dual roles in a great cosmic struggle. They are the product of gravity’s relentless
inward pull, the force that has drawn matter into galaxies, clusters, and the structures
they form. But with their incredible power, they emit
energy that pushes back on gravity. In so doing, these strange and powerful objects
have become the master architects of space and time. 1

The Largest Black Holes in the Universe
Tagged on:                                                                                                                                                                                             

100 thoughts on “The Largest Black Holes in the Universe

  • April 29, 2019 at 12:46 pm
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    black ass holes yes!!!

    Reply
  • May 4, 2019 at 5:44 pm
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    "we've never seen them directly"- not anymore

    Reply
  • May 8, 2019 at 4:07 am
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    Besides your ex-girlfriend ft the next biggest thing…Blackholes.

    Reply
  • May 10, 2019 at 10:53 am
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    There’s no mass. It’s a hole! We circle one every 26,000 years. And we’re the closest planet with life in a host of planets that were prison planets and dumped 600 million over here. 26,000 light year from central black hole to galaxy and outward same distance to central black hole of universe. 6 million go out to stay in circular coffins or bottomless pits before their souls get destroyed to populate other galaxies with life. Then this planet goes from being the galaxies latine to becoming the first galactic empire. We shal…

    Reply
  • May 11, 2019 at 12:19 pm
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    God is with us.,

    Reply
  • May 14, 2019 at 2:10 am
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    Black holes make me sleepy….. thank you for existing or not.

    Reply
  • May 14, 2019 at 12:32 pm
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    Black holes do not exist. Plasmoids do. Einstein's relativity theories are junk science. No big bang. We still have much to learn about our Electric/Plasma Universe.

    Reply
  • May 17, 2019 at 2:34 am
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    I need a black hole to end islamic terrorism to put on their head

    Reply
  • May 18, 2019 at 10:10 am
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    "Ww've never really seen them directly" … Ohh yes we have😎 (The black hole within M87, was first published April 10, 2019)

    Reply
  • May 19, 2019 at 6:55 pm
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    Rocket launches should always be accompanied by heavy metal guitar riffs

    Reply
  • May 20, 2019 at 9:13 pm
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    And there it is, as I've suspected for years. The big bang was 2 super massive black holes colliding, not spiraling but a violent direct head on crash

    Reply
  • May 24, 2019 at 8:09 pm
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    Lights in the sky.
    Science DOES Not make sense.
    We can see stars that are anywhere But where you see them, or may not exist anymore.
    Illogical theory.

    Reply
  • May 25, 2019 at 8:36 am
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    Is it possible that black holes produce dark energy?

    Reply
  • May 31, 2019 at 3:49 am
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    The black hole is pretty cool

    Reply
  • June 1, 2019 at 2:20 pm
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    Scientists: What should we name this new black hole?

    Other Scientist: I don’t know, maybe kyskwtkxgkdyieiy?

    Scientists: PERFECT!!!

    Credit to someone else making this joke. It wasn’t me who made this joke. I forgot there username though.

    Reply
  • June 4, 2019 at 6:19 pm
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    Hey everyone, if you like this video you should check out more space and science videos in 4k at https://magellan.tv/space

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 5:09 am
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    I wish this guy would talk faster than 2 words per hour goddamn 🤦🏽‍♂️ I literally tried to change the speed just to listen to it normally

    Reply
  • June 6, 2019 at 2:31 pm
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    It’s so amazing, it’s like I’ve been there before, in little pieces, lol

    Reply
  • June 7, 2019 at 11:59 pm
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    WE HAVE SEEN THEM DIRECTLY!!!

    UPDATE NEEDED!!

    Reply
  • June 8, 2019 at 9:08 pm
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    If there universe is 13.8 billion years old how did they just discover a quasar 13.8 billion years old???

    Reply
  • June 9, 2019 at 5:03 pm
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    Are you sure?

    Reply
  • June 9, 2019 at 8:59 pm
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    maxine waters

    Reply
  • June 10, 2019 at 4:48 pm
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    Anyone been in a black hole lately ☄️

    Reply
  • June 12, 2019 at 7:52 pm
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    Sure looks like a structure of a living thing

    Reply
  • June 13, 2019 at 9:43 am
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    So whats to stop a black hole from igniting, and exploding like a big bang?

    Reply
  • June 13, 2019 at 9:47 am
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    The Universe itself is also rotating, and causing kinetic energy and gravity to cause all the suns, planets, and moons to also spin.

    Reply
  • June 13, 2019 at 9:53 am
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    Imagine a Universe condensed with hydrogen , that started to condense and form stars that expanded into the vacuum of space, as the universe rotated and gravity dispersed the stars.

    Reply
  • June 13, 2019 at 10:05 am
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    We may be elements from a super Nova or a black hale, the gold in the earths crust was made from super novas, most of the earths gold is in the oceans.

    Reply
  • June 15, 2019 at 9:47 am
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    BLINGBLING✨✨✨🚔🚔🖥️

    Reply
  • June 15, 2019 at 6:39 pm
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    Although very interesting to watch, i honestly believe this is all made up mumbo jumbo, The stuff of scy-fi movies are now becoming real! Lol i find it funny, they can't create a telescope to get a close of the moon's surface or the earth but can see billions of light yrs away? I'd love to see a zoomed in image of an air plane or a boat going over the curve…You won't! Because Earth is FLAT!

    Reply
  • June 17, 2019 at 1:48 am
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    The universe is a hostile environment

    Reply
  • June 18, 2019 at 6:00 pm
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    Don't buy into this.Hubble cannot see the depths of the universe and it definitely don't send back colour images.

    Reply
  • June 19, 2019 at 7:31 pm
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    What will be the next cosmic phenomenon be ?, especially after the next generation graphics are invented ..evidence perhaps of the next super mega black hole is discovered swallowing up multi-verses at the rate of a billion per milli second..dont worry folks shouldn't effect earth for next 6 trillion light years

    Reply
  • June 21, 2019 at 2:52 am
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    I would make a comment that what we see with our feeble mind and eyes, is not even a pin prick into the innerworkings of God…. But because so many, enough to fill a trillion solar masses, would loose their collective bowels…. I will not.

    Reply
  • June 22, 2019 at 7:25 pm
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    Is there any home made black hole found?

    Reply
  • June 22, 2019 at 9:27 pm
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    Wow, I feel like the commentary of this video supports my alternate Big Bang theory.

    Reply
  • June 22, 2019 at 9:51 pm
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    Black Holes create dark energy via the mass speeding toward the black hole or colliding and that energy takes a ridiculous amount of time to slow down back into visible mass–hydrogen via outside gravitational forces. The more dark energy created by a black hole lessens the size of the black hole, so it is logical to me in distant space Black Holes would be bigger since we are looking at the past. So mass changes form from non-visible matter to visible matter–hydrogen the beginning stuff for stars and supernovas that later generate the elements and most mass is dark energy or non-visible mass because speed is a strong force compared to gravity. Black Holes don't gather mass but accelerate it into dark energy, but they taught me nothing escapes a black hole except their was a Big Bang and energy emits from Black Holes. My theory: an event horizon is the distance mass takes to be relocated back into space as Dark Energy and mass is constantly changing form from Dark Energy to Visible energy and back to Dark Energy infinitely. That's my theory! There's a great chance it'll be proven someday, and I thought of it. Me, Casey Casper, I believed it first, on my own.

    Reply
  • June 23, 2019 at 5:44 am
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    I bet Nikiki Minaj is upset she didn't make the list…

    Reply
  • June 23, 2019 at 6:57 pm
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    big mass huh you should see the concentrated mass of my dumps

    Reply
  • June 23, 2019 at 10:21 pm
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    oh sorry I thought it was the largest A hole in the universe …..my bosses

    Reply
  • June 26, 2019 at 11:51 am
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    the writing in this is SO BAD! It is funny. Space rocks though; f ya

    Reply
  • June 26, 2019 at 6:19 pm
    Permalink

    Black Hole exist only in Einstein´s closed vicious circle.

    Academic and non-academic criticism

    Some academic scientists, especially experimental physicists
    such as the Nobel laureates Philipp Lenard and Johannes Stark, as well as Ernst
    Gehrcke, Stjepan Mohorovičić, Rudolf Tomaschek and others criticized the
    increasing mathematization of modern physics, especially in the form of
    relativity theory and quantum mechanics.

    Black Hole exist only in Einstein´s closed vicious circle.

    I expect to find, that all the physicists break free from
    "Einstein's vicious circle": Lorentz transformation equations <==>
    local time <==> covariant equations <==> physical definition of
    simultaneity <==> invariant interval <==> Lorentz transformation
    equations…

    Nobel laureates in physics are mostly physicists, who mainly
    create and defend physics. Einstein never received a Nobel prize for
    relativity…

    For nearly 100 years ago have been Nobel Prize winners said:

    "- The theory of relativity is a mathematical and not a
    physical theory.

    – The theory is far from being confirmed experimentally, the
    results of the solar eclipse expeditions allow other interpretations

    – The principle of relativity is only valid for
    mass-dependent movements

    – The theory of relativity contradicts the fundamental ideas
    about space and time: the Euclidean space and the usual ideas of time must remain
    binding. "

    To construct Theoretical Physics ONLY ON EXPERIMENTAL
    BASICS.

    „The first principle is that you must not fool yourself and
    you are the easiest person to fool.“

                                                                                                              

    R. P. FEYNMAN

     "The difference
    between a good experiment and a good theory is in the fact that the theory gets
    old quickly and it is replaced by another one, based on more perfect ideas. It
    will be forgotten quickly.

    The experiment is something else. The experiment, which has
    been thought well and performed carefully, will step in the science forever. It
    will become its part. It is possible to explain such experiment differently in
    different periods of times."

    P. L. KAPICA

    I strongly demand:

    The events of 1905-1920, we can not replace by the events of
    1938-1945.

    We would be making a big mistake with this.

    Because other future generations will hate us for it.

    Crimes of earlier periods lead to war. They are the cause of
    the wars.

    The war is very bad.

     Change QUALITY

    1905 A.E. : Einstein ´s theory Tkin =mc^2 – mo c^2

    1996: Tkin id =mc^2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ]

    Tkin ad = mc^2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ]

    Einstein's theory works only for v < 0.1c.

     https://biocoreopen.org/ijnme/New-Trends-in-Physics-Extraordinary-proofs.pdf

    A particle moving in a transmission medium.

    Kinetic energy of a particle ( charge) moving at the
    velocity of v has two different values:

    Kinetic energy of a particle ( charge)

    Tkin id =mc^2 [ln |1-v/c|+ (v/c) / (1-v/c) ] in direction of
    motion of a particle ( charge)

    It is realy as Newton´s kinetic energy,

    where v is velocity of a particle ( charge) .

    Kinetic energy of a particle ( charge)  Tkin ad = mc^2 [ln |1+v/c|- (v/c) / (1+v/c) ]
    against direction of motion of a particle ( charge)

    It is realy  as
    Maxwell´s electromagnetic wave energy,

    where v is velocity of a particle ( charge).

    Corrected Third 
    Newton's law of motion :

    All movements in physics are based on principle of action –
    reaction and on velocity of stable particles ( e-, p+,n0, D, He-3, α ).

    Action, as a motion of stable charged particles ( e-, p+,n0,
    D, He-3, α ), is characterized speeds up in source along ellipse or quasi-
    elipse ( excentricity e –> 0 ).

    Action creates unstable particles ( leptons μ−, τ−, baryons,
    mesons ), bosons W +, W-, Z (= particles = β electrons moving at nearly the
    speed of light )in direction of motion of stable particles ( e-, p+,n0, D,
    He-3, alfa ).

    Reaction creates into 
    transmission medium, the electromagnetic waves, as unstable “particles”
    – neutrínos νe, νμ, ντ , mesons π0, π+ , π- , η , K and gamma rays (=waves of
    extremely high frequency >10^19 Hz ) – against direction of motion of stable
    particles ( e-, p+,n0, D, He-3, alfa ).

    Accompanying activity of reaction on movement of stable
    particles in the transmission medium are waves, or “unstable particles“ respectively
    , i.e. neutrinos and mesons.

    http://vixra.org/author/lubomir_vlcek

    Extraordinary proofs:

     http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0207v1.pdf

    New Trends in Physics CD Rom /book, Elementes Pictures,
    Spheres in Nuclei, Forecasted Nuclei

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1504.0082v1.pdf

    One Blink of Electron is the Basis Amount of Kinetic Energy
    6.62606957×10-34 Js

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1503.0056v1.pdf

    Confirmation of the Theory Under Discussion Wave-Particle
    Duality as Kinetic Energy Against and in Direction of Motion in Discussion
    Group Theoretical Physics !!!! Eureka !!!!

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1502.0184v1.pdf

    Einstein's Theory of Relativity Can not Explain …

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1501.0199v1.pdf

    Corrected Newton´s Laws of Motion

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1501.0197v1.pdf

    Wave – Particle Duality as Kinetic Energy Against and In
    Direction of Motion.

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1411.0533v1.pdf

    Form of Intensity of the Moving Charge Electric Field is
    Asymmetrical.

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1411.0531v1.pdf

    Form of the Interference Field is Non-Linear

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1411.0530v1.pdf

    Kinetic Energy of a Charge Moving at the Velocity of V Has
    Two Different Values

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0355v1.pdf

    Movement Principles of Ufo

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0334v1.pdf

    Kinetic Energy

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0308v1.pdf

    Who is Right?

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1405.0307v1.pdf

    What is Quark?

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0471v1.pdf

    Superheavy Spherical Nuclei. Island of Stability

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0369v1.pdf

    Neutrino Oscillations

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0279v1.pdf

    Physics is Easy

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0273v1.pdf

    Particles, Waves and Trends in Physics

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0268v1.pdf

    Physics is Beautiful

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0261v1.pdf

    Introduction to my Two Articles Physics is Easy and Physics
    is Beautiful

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0253v1.pdf

    Orbit Radius and Speed of the Sun Around the Center of
    Gravity of the Solar System

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0248v1.pdf

    Spectral line Hα

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0246v1.pdf

    Shortened Great Table of Elementary Particles

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0243v1.pdf

    Great Table of Elementary Particles

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0238v1.pdf

    Movement Principles of the Fast-Spinning Bodies

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1404.0130v1.pdf

    Nuclear Fusion

    Critical examination of fundamentals in physics

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/

    academia.edu

    https://tuke.academia.edu/LubomirVlcek

    L. Vlcek, : New Trends in Physics, Slovak Academic Press,
    Bratislava 1996, ISBN 80-85665-64-6.

    Presentation on European Phys. Soc. 10th Gen. Conf. – Trends
    in Physics ( EPS 10) Sevilla , E  9. -13 September 1996,

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/

    THE NEW COORDINATE SYSTEMS IN PHYSICS AND MAGIC NUMBERS

    This paper presents two new coordinate systems (s, t, u, v)

    and (s*, t*, u*, v*). There is a transformation of relations between (s, t, u,
    v) and (x, y, z) – cartesian between (s*, t*, u*, v*) and (x, y, z), between
    (s, t, u, v) and (s*, t*, u*, v*). The theory is an attempt to account for the
    existence of magic numbers in terms of interactions between an individual
    nucleon and a force field produced by all the other nucleons. Combination of
    the cartesian coordinate system with our news coordinates arise as very firmly
    fastening structure for description of nuclear spheres (shells).

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info/kniha/new.html

    New Trends in Physics CD Rom /book, Elementes Pictures,
    Spheres in Nuclei, Forecasted Nuclei

    67 Pages. New Trends in Physics /book, elementes pictures,
    spheres in nuclei, forecasted nuclei, ZOO-3D editorfor interactive inspecting
    of nuclei spheres/, Academic Electronic Press, Bratislava, 2000, CD- ROM, ISBN
    80-88880-38-6.

    http://www.trendsinphysics.info

    http://vixra.org/pdf/1506.0207v1.pdf

    Superheavy Spherical Nuclei. Island of Stability

    In the present paper we show, that nuclei Os 192, Pt 198, Hg
    198, Hg 200, Hg 201, Hg 204, Tl 205, Pb 206, Pb 207, At 210, Pa 231, Th 232,
    AcU 235, Np 237, Pu 240, Am 242, Cm 247, Ku 261, and more create an island of
    stability. Keywords: superheavy spherical nuclei, island of stability, sphere
    192 PACS number: 21.60.-n

    Spheres in nuclei

    Journal of Mathematical Modeling and Operations Research,
    Vol. 1, No. 1 Page 1 – 11.pdf

    JMMOR ISSN 2377-6404 (online)

    New-Trends-in-Physics-Extraordinary-proofs.

    https://biocoreopen.org/ijnme/New-Trends-in-Physics-Extraordinary-proofs.pdf

    The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963 Maria Goeppert Mayer, J.

    Hans D. Jensen, continuation…

    Video 
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Smy617i6A8A

    SHELLS- SPHERES IN NUCLEI.The Nobel Prize in Physics 1963
    Maria Goeppert Mayer, J. Hans D. Jensen,

     https://lnkd.in/gbefaJu

    Video https://youtu.be/iAjYkRyMw5Y

    Science from History to Future

    Reply
  • June 30, 2019 at 1:59 am
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    Maybe we are on the other end of a black hole?

    Reply
  • June 30, 2019 at 11:33 pm
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    0:05 “we’ve never seen them directly”

    LIES

    Reply
  • July 4, 2019 at 5:50 pm
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    When black holes come together, can the "explode" into a new "universe"?

    Reply
  • July 4, 2019 at 8:32 pm
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    Universal incredible on the universal black hole. You ever see in your entire life I saw them because I like to study all the time because that is the foundation that my study course from manager in this world the only ones who make ever seen clear he's the one who been looking for ever see any of the mystery of God

    Reply
  • July 6, 2019 at 10:18 pm
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    this is a awesome video!

    Reply
  • July 7, 2019 at 1:00 am
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    We really cant understand the powers involved here.You would have to be a god to fully grasp.

    Reply
  • July 7, 2019 at 7:40 am
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    these motherfuckers will tell you anything there's absolutely no possible way they could accurately know anything of what they claim I don't give a damn how many telescopes and probes they send up there they can't accurately know

    Reply
  • July 8, 2019 at 4:53 am
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    Typical big bang but no sound . Black hole but no hole. Its a ball

    Reply
  • July 8, 2019 at 2:58 pm
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    We've seen them directly now 😁

    Reply
  • July 8, 2019 at 4:35 pm
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    Тхэ Ларгест Блацк Холес ин тхе Универсе. !

    Reply
  • July 10, 2019 at 10:01 pm
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    And now I think imma die

    By a black hole it’s obvious

    Reply
  • July 11, 2019 at 6:36 am
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    This sort of this giving me meaning in life

    Reply
  • July 11, 2019 at 6:46 am
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    How would a big bang happen? You have to compress incredible amounts of matter into a single spot..

    We're watching that process in this video. Black holes gather everything and then merge into other black holes. Eventually you overload a singular object and then you have an immeasurable explosion.

    Reply
  • July 11, 2019 at 9:49 pm
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    Did you measure them? And how?

    Reply
  • July 15, 2019 at 3:46 am
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    What I want to know is if a black hole was coming near our solar system how soon would we detect them

    Reply
  • July 18, 2019 at 4:43 am
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    I'm here to help
    I have an answer to every question

    Reply
  • July 22, 2019 at 7:32 am
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    And still the earth isn't flat

    Reply
  • July 23, 2019 at 7:54 pm
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    What's up with the Zombie killer music?

    Reply
  • July 24, 2019 at 4:41 pm
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    Japanese tourists are really fun to watch get fucked up on vacation. I’ve seen them go over the Grand Canyon, detached themselves from parasailing, and get dangerously close to wildlife and get hurt. I don’t think they understand wildlife, as Japan only has limited space for animals.

    Reply
  • July 27, 2019 at 3:24 pm
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    What happen after everything been eaten of black holes

    Reply
  • July 27, 2019 at 3:27 pm
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    Is it possible black holes become same time when first stars was born, i mean they collected so much matter so fast to they never become a star

    Reply
  • July 28, 2019 at 3:11 pm
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    The largest black hole in the universe is inside inside black Americans head

    Reply
  • July 28, 2019 at 4:30 pm
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    Is there really a god?

    Reply
  • July 28, 2019 at 4:30 pm
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    Then only black holes left they eat up each other, and there are no materia left in space, all materia become "space time". Can space time continue without materia?

    Reply
  • July 28, 2019 at 4:32 pm
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    If the black holes are billions of light years away , have the events being observed already occurred?

    Reply
  • July 29, 2019 at 6:14 pm
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    Woh ….. Is samsung sooo big 🤪🤪

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 2:34 am
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    I really think that this documentary is all crap theories.my opinion is that there is no such thing as gravity WAVES.

    Reply
  • July 30, 2019 at 6:44 pm
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    One of the best channel.thank u

    Reply
  • August 1, 2019 at 12:10 am
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    Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the lord!

    Reply
  • August 1, 2019 at 10:19 am
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    Abdullah Yusuf Ali Translation (Al Takwir)

    When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up;When the stars fall, losing their lustre;When the mountains vanish (like a mirage);When the she-camels, ten months with young, are left untended;When the wild beasts are herded together (in the human habitations);When the oceans boil over with a swell;When the souls are sorted out, (being joined, like with like);When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned -For what crime she was killed;When the scrolls are laid open;When the world on High is unveiled;When the Blazing Fire is kindled to fierce heat;And when the Garden is brought near;(Then) shall each soul know what it has put forward.So verily I call to witness the planets – that recede,Go straight, or hide;And the Night as it dissipates;And the Dawn as it breathes away the darkness;Verily this is the word of a most honorable Messenger,Endued with Power, with rank before the Lord of the Throne,With authority there, (and) faithful to his trust.

    Quran(81:1-21)

    https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.quran411.com/surah-takwir.php

    Reply
  • August 4, 2019 at 6:16 am
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    Instead of wight the proper and correct term is mass. This is what happens when science is dumbed down…

    Reply
  • August 4, 2019 at 8:49 pm
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    Imagine being pulled into one….Jesus Christ.

    Reply
  • August 4, 2019 at 11:42 pm
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    Opening line is now out of date.

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 4:16 pm
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    They look kind of like a tornado in space

    Reply
  • August 5, 2019 at 9:26 pm
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    "We've never seen them directly, yet we know they are there." Dang can we just appreciate what a great time we're in to be able to say things like we've seen them? Yes some people say how we aren't seeing the black hole itself we're seeing the shadow of its event horizon, but that's how it would be even if we took a direct picture. All you ever see is that. Black holes aren't visible. Just the darkness of the event horizon is visible. So indeed, we have seen one. If we haven't, then we never will.

    Reply
  • August 7, 2019 at 9:47 am
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    22:10 I LOVE THAT!

    Reply
  • August 9, 2019 at 10:15 pm
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    What if. Perhaps. Just a wild theory. Too much sci-fi reading. What if the Universe itself, is actually a…Black Hole? And why is it, if the Universe truly has a beginning and a end, if the Universe is about 14 billion years old, and the Earth is supposedly about 4 billion years of age, why can't we "Peek into," the beginning or the end? If we (the Earth), are perhaps close to the middle of this expanding, or detracting, or infinite universe, by now we should see a glimpse of either end.
    And why the Big Deal, with an image of a black hole? Science has been using radio telescopes for decades. Obtaining images that mirror telescopes, cannot see. So. Is this actually the "First," image of a black hole, or the first image, of a black hole, released to the public?

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 2:09 am
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    (KJV)Romans 1:19-20
    Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.
    For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood
    by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse

    Reply
  • August 12, 2019 at 11:30 pm
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    Is ot me or you got the definition of black hole wrong!!!???🤔

    Reply
  • August 14, 2019 at 6:58 am
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    I wish i could go into cryo sleep and wake up in 1000 years

    Reply
  • August 15, 2019 at 1:39 am
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    A black hole looks like a tornado. A tornado breaks stuff apart when it spins buy everything colliding into each other. Who's to say that whatever is getting sucked in isn't getting broken into small fragments and there actually is probably nothing in the middle of the black hole cuz it's like the eye of a tornado. Plus he didn't mention anything about lightning or electricity for me to Planet. I'm just saying planets are definitely Electric

    Reply
  • August 15, 2019 at 3:27 pm
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    We are all made of star dust. Created by black holes.

    Reply
  • August 16, 2019 at 10:21 pm
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    But can we really know how big the universe is!!! Considering the speed it is expanding!!

    Reply
  • August 19, 2019 at 11:00 pm
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    Nope..we saw them 😂
    >2019 viewers

    Reply
  • August 20, 2019 at 5:17 am
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    How in DA FUQ did they miss the largest gaping black hole in existence…Rosie O'Donnell's anus

    Trump 2020

    Reply
  • August 22, 2019 at 3:44 am
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    We've seen them directly now:)

    Reply
  • August 23, 2019 at 7:38 am
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    who cares

    Reply
  • August 23, 2019 at 4:23 pm
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    English Subtitles for English Commentary ? How dumb! Almost it obscures half the screen !

    Reply
  • August 24, 2019 at 1:11 pm
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    my vote is for Al Sharpton he was the
    largest black hole before his bariatric
    surgery now is just a skinny black hole
    with a huge head a human PEZ
    dispenser

    Reply
  • August 24, 2019 at 8:13 pm
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    Where ultra giant black hole can eat whole galaxy and others galaxy 😂

    Reply
  • August 24, 2019 at 11:39 pm
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    Magnífico excelente documentário parabéns pelo trabalho.

    Reply
  • August 26, 2019 at 7:04 am
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    100% Fake . Can you see bigfoot. Look, he is there.

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 12:27 am
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    I've always felt that space is the face of God. Think how unfathomably his power is and always will be. 😇

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 4:50 am
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    No matter is allowed in a black hole it must trans form to energy first then it is allowed in.

    Reply
  • August 28, 2019 at 9:43 pm
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    i just waste my time

    Reply

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