This program is brought to you by Stanford University. Please visit us at stanford.edu Thank You. I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. Truth be told I never graduated from college and this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big deal. Just three stories. The first story is about connecting the dots. I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out? It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?” They said: “Of course.” My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would go to college. This was the start in my life. And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting. It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends’ rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5 cent deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example: Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can’t capture, and I found it fascinating. None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later. Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something, your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. Beleiveing that the dots will connect down the road will give you the confidence to follow your heart Even when it leads you off the well worn path, and that will make all the difference. My second story is about love and loss. I was lucky I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation the Macintosh a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating. I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down – that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over. I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life. During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together. I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking. Don’t settle. My third story is about death. When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something. Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure – these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart. About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes. I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and thankfully I’m fine now. This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope its the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept: No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true. Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary. When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960’s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, overflowing with neat tools, and great notions. Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. Thank you all very much. The preceding program is copyrighted by Stanford University. Please visit us at stanford.edu

Steve Jobs’ 2005 Stanford Commencement Address
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100 thoughts on “Steve Jobs’ 2005 Stanford Commencement Address

  • September 5, 2019 at 6:31 am
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    filmed with android

    Reply
  • September 5, 2019 at 1:58 pm
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    Stay hungry,stay foolish 🤗

    Reply
  • September 6, 2019 at 6:17 am
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    you apple retards are the worst

    Reply
  • September 7, 2019 at 1:51 pm
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    Inspirational. Thank you!

    Reply
  • September 7, 2019 at 2:20 pm
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    Hi

    Reply
  • September 7, 2019 at 3:25 pm
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    This is perhaps the best commencement speech ever… I've come to watch it multiple times.

    Reply
  • September 7, 2019 at 3:48 pm
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    Aapne truly hopes se fillfull kr diya sir…my great pleasure to hear you☺

    Reply
  • September 7, 2019 at 11:14 pm
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    This was such a beautifully crafted speech. I'm positive that it has already inspired thousands of people and will continue to do so. It sure as hell touched me, in-fact I cried while watching it. Thanks, and rest in peace Mr. Jobs

    Reply
  • September 8, 2019 at 8:01 am
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    I came here after my friend suggestion

    Reply
  • September 9, 2019 at 2:04 am
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    Steve! I badly miss YOU, are my immortal hero. you know when i face some challeges, setback and disappointment, just looking at your figure in video vastly helps me revive my energy and passion.
    with the help of your speech i always boost my vitality to motivate me and push forward toward my dream and vision. thanks. thanks Steve you are living # undied# in my mind. You are my HERO. love YOU. miss YOU.
    God bless YOU.
    Simon, Jeju Korea.

    Reply
  • September 10, 2019 at 8:36 am
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    Here is full text Steve Jobs' 2005 Stanford Commencement Address, Click the link below!
    https://www.picnbooks.com/pnb/book/view.do?id=2&cont_page=0

    Reply
  • September 10, 2019 at 3:02 pm
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    Merci

    Reply
  • September 10, 2019 at 3:28 pm
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    What a Jewish moron. Get a job.

    Reply
  • September 10, 2019 at 3:52 pm
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    this speech >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> all of the TED combined

    Reply
  • September 11, 2019 at 10:49 am
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    Here is full text, Steve Jobs' 2005 Stanford Commencement Address. Click the link below!
    https://www.picnbooks.com/pnb/book/view.do?id=2&cont_page=0

    Reply
  • September 11, 2019 at 12:27 pm
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    I came here for my assignment and ended up getting inspired so much by him.

    Reply
  • September 11, 2019 at 12:43 pm
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    True genius

    Reply
  • September 11, 2019 at 3:28 pm
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    Definitely it's one of the best speech from him and for us. Now it's our chance my dear fellows. Even if we drop the baton ,pick it up and let's run in our own tracks.

    Reply
  • September 12, 2019 at 4:01 am
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    Speechless…

    Reply
  • September 12, 2019 at 3:03 pm
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    Awesome video…… Never seen a man describing death with sincerity…

    Reply
  • September 12, 2019 at 6:36 pm
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    I love you steve Job. You are my inspirational. Whenever i dismotivated i just see your speeches on youtub.

    Reply
  • September 13, 2019 at 4:05 pm
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    HitlergruB

    Reply
  • September 13, 2019 at 4:48 pm
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    Most inspiring commencement address, ever.

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 12:19 am
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    ma 5th time but can't get enough of it. Huge knowledge ✊👌

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 1:32 am
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    Am i the only one who watches it time and time, even though like to watch it again?

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 2:10 pm
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    9:39 this will happen to you scrolling through the comments one day.

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 7:15 pm
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    СТИВ ХУЙС

    Reply
  • September 14, 2019 at 11:19 pm
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    who is back here in sept 2019?

    Reply
  • September 15, 2019 at 1:24 am
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    Those who are spiritual tend to perform very well in whatever field they take up. Even Steve Jobs, George Carver, Swami Vivekananda, and many others were successful and attributed their success to spiritual life. Spirituality enhances work ethics and works quality as the person intends for service and betterment of others through his work.

    Reply
  • September 15, 2019 at 2:27 am
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    And now apple copying only

    Reply
  • September 15, 2019 at 3:21 am
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    🐐🐐🐐

    Reply
  • September 15, 2019 at 4:56 am
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    WORDS OF GOLD!

    Reply
  • September 15, 2019 at 7:14 am
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    Who are watching in 2019

    Reply
  • September 15, 2019 at 10:12 am
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    True legendary inovator 😢

    Reply
  • September 15, 2019 at 11:21 pm
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    good speech.

    Reply
  • September 16, 2019 at 11:40 am
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    I keep coming back to this speech.it's so insightful.RIP!

    Reply
  • September 16, 2019 at 5:09 pm
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    Let's somebody watch this
    https://youtu.be/v6ciNXc_4OQ …. So get the real picture
    https://youtu.be/pJif4i9NRdI

    Reply
  • September 18, 2019 at 12:17 am
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    Stay hungry and stay foolish what does he mean by that?

    Reply
  • September 19, 2019 at 12:29 am
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    Oh wow. Oh wow. Oh wow.

    Reply
  • September 19, 2019 at 1:03 pm
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    I love Pixar ♥ ♥ ♥

    Reply
  • September 19, 2019 at 7:26 pm
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    Rest in peace steve

    Reply
  • September 19, 2019 at 11:23 pm
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    Who put Osaka dialect In Japanese subtitle..

    Reply
  • September 20, 2019 at 10:47 pm
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    ㅅㅌㅇ ㅎㄱㄹ ㅅㅌㅇ ㅍㄹㅅ

    Reply
  • September 21, 2019 at 5:49 am
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    Have the courage to follow your heart 💚
    Stay hungry stay foolish!

    Reply
  • September 21, 2019 at 10:32 am
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    Those listeners are lucky af

    Reply
  • September 21, 2019 at 5:11 pm
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    I can see the impact of Indian philosophy… on his thinking about life

    Reply
  • September 21, 2019 at 11:56 pm
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    Great Lesson !

    Reply
  • September 22, 2019 at 2:15 am
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    "You can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something – your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. Because believing that the dots will connect down the road will give you the confidence to follow your heart even when it leads you off the well-worn path; and that will make all the difference."

    Reply
  • September 22, 2019 at 6:53 am
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    Have to admit, I broke a tear watching this one… <3

    Reply
  • September 22, 2019 at 11:45 am
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    A true genius serves humanity without any interest just like Einstein and many others. Steven Jobs is not a genius. He is a boss trying to make more money for his company which is totally understandable yet far from genius.

    Reply
  • September 22, 2019 at 2:42 pm
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    Maybe it's just weird coincidence but Steve job movie also took three stories to say

    Reply
  • September 22, 2019 at 2:44 pm
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    我只想说 有些人的成就甚者命运就是生来注定

    Reply
  • September 22, 2019 at 7:12 pm
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    This comment was posted at 00:48 am {Indian standard time} on 22nd September,2019.
    I just bought an 2nd hand iPad air 1 (as i couldn't afford a brandNew one ) for my higher studies and this is the first video Which popped up on youtube.
    Thank you for such a wonderful message Steve .
    RIP Steve Jobs and i want you to be reborn as Steve Itself 😑

    Reply
  • September 23, 2019 at 3:57 pm
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    Thanks Steve!

    Reply
  • September 23, 2019 at 5:51 pm
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    2019. Yep. And very soon going to be there. Very soon. Steve – Forever.

    Reply
  • September 24, 2019 at 7:42 am
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    日本語字幕の癖が強いんじゃ~

    Reply
  • September 24, 2019 at 2:34 pm
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    YYOO88 88RR AAARRRWWWEEESSSS00MMMMEEE3

    Reply
  • September 24, 2019 at 4:30 pm
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    Why am i watching this eleven years later

    Reply
  • September 25, 2019 at 1:20 pm
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    Is this the guy that outsourced to china ?

    Reply
  • September 25, 2019 at 2:14 pm
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    japanese subtitlies are really awful. you should change.

    Reply
  • September 26, 2019 at 9:04 pm
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    I bet all those students are still paying their college tuition

    Reply
  • September 27, 2019 at 5:10 am
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    Founder of iPhone and I pad Apple Inc Steve jobs.

    Reply
  • September 27, 2019 at 9:59 am
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    I just watched this speech for the first time aged 66 and I have never heard truer words. Stay hungry, stay foolish.

    Reply
  • September 28, 2019 at 12:54 am
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    The 4754 people that thumbs downed:
    Ha you can't stop me now!
    Steve Jobs:
    You are using a Mac Book, you idiot. YOU DARE OPPOSE ME MORTAL

    Reply
  • September 28, 2019 at 1:57 am
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    The hero of my youth. Hope he was ready to meet his Maker… "for what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?" Mark 8:36

    Reply
  • September 28, 2019 at 5:15 am
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    Tim Cook should watch this.

    Reply
  • September 28, 2019 at 7:04 am
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    With Jobs death.. apple also died.

    Reply
  • September 28, 2019 at 8:32 am
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    I am watching this in October 2019, wish he would be with us,it's best motivational speech by world's best man ,love him

    Reply
  • September 28, 2019 at 9:03 am
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    Steve Jobs Life Story in 3 Volumes:
    1. Connect the Dots

    2. Love & Loss

    3. Death

    Reply
  • September 28, 2019 at 2:42 pm
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    Someone watching in September 2019

    Reply
  • September 28, 2019 at 9:01 pm
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    I wish I'd watched this earlier

    Reply
  • September 29, 2019 at 2:54 pm
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    HELLO

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 12:50 am
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    The prophet Jeremiah wrote: (17:9) “The heart is more treacherous than anything else and is desperate.Who can know it?”
    If we “follow our heart” exclusively, it is like following the advice of a desperate and treacherous person. Would you want to do this? Hopefully not. I think I know the gist of what Mr. Jobs was stating. Blindly following your heart is not a wise course of action, and not likely what he was suggesting.

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 3:08 am
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    11:40 karma

    Reply
  • September 30, 2019 at 4:51 pm
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    When you realise this video only has 240p. . .

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 12:59 am
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    "No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

    Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

    When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: It was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

    Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

    Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

    Thank you all very much"

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 10:55 am
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    Oh man I remember watching this like years ago

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 1:33 pm
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    suck

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 6:37 pm
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    Read his memoir and his life is like 10 season Netflix series with plot twists that came out of a writers imaginative work of art.

    Reply
  • October 1, 2019 at 9:57 pm
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    4:37 Damn he dissed windows

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 6:21 am
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    Windows just copied the Mac. wow

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 8:25 am
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    your words help us very much, we all miss you steve.

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 8:25 am
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    LOVE FROM INDIA.

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 9:45 am
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    Stay hungry stay foolish

    Reply
  • October 2, 2019 at 11:15 am
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    {insert emojis}

    Reply
  • October 3, 2019 at 12:31 pm
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    Steve Jobs Ooooh dead

    Reply
  • October 3, 2019 at 12:39 pm
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    After passing away of steve jobs APPLE is a company which just enlarges screens on its new models.

    Reply
  • October 4, 2019 at 5:14 am
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    The Best speech I ever heard till now.

    Reply
  • October 4, 2019 at 5:51 am
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    People laughing when he said "dropping out was the best decision I ever made in my life" knowing full well that it's Steve Jobs of Apple, Inc. speaking to them….lol

    Reply
  • October 4, 2019 at 10:39 am
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    Кто после Войтенко?

    Reply
  • October 4, 2019 at 1:25 pm
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    the irony is i dont see the value in apple products

    Reply
  • October 4, 2019 at 2:04 pm
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    Keep dropping "in" in life.

    Reply
  • October 4, 2019 at 7:52 pm
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    Кто из 2019?))

    Reply
  • October 4, 2019 at 8:24 pm
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    What we leave behind is our legacy

    What we only keep is our deeds

    Reply
  • October 5, 2019 at 5:55 pm
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    Today is his 8th death anniversary.miss you genius.Love you.Everybody in this country should know how to program a computer because it teaches you how to think-Steve

    Reply
  • October 5, 2019 at 6:36 pm
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    One of the best speech geared in my life. You are truly legendary personality and genius

    Reply
  • October 6, 2019 at 11:25 am
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    I bought apple products (not to impress people) because I was moved by his speech (until the rest of my life, I will remember it) . How many struggles he had, just to reach that goal.

    Reply
  • October 6, 2019 at 11:35 am
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    I just dowload it…to watch it again and agian

    Reply
  • October 6, 2019 at 1:18 pm
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    No pain no gain 😶

    Reply

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