Hi, this is Bill Putman. I’m a climate scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. What you’re looking at is a supercomputer model of carbon dioxide levels in the Earth’s atmosphere. The visualization compresses one year of data into a few minutes. Carbon dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas affected by human activity. About half of the carbon dioxide emitted from fossil fuel combustion remains in the atmosphere, while the other half is absorbed by natural land and ocean reservoirs. In the Northern Hemisphere, we see the highest concentrations are focused around major emission sources over North America, Europe and Asia. Notice how the gas doesn’t stay in one place. The dispersion of carbon dioxide is controlled by the large-scale weather patterns within the global circulation. During spring and summer in the Northern Hemisphere, plants absorb a substantial amount of carbon dioxide through photosynthesis, thus removing some of the gas from the atmosphere. We see this change in the model as the red and purple colors start to fade. Meanwhile, in the Southern Hemisphere, we see the release of another pollutant—carbon monoxide. This is a gas that’s both harmful to the environment and to humans. During the summer months, plumes of carbon monoxide stream from fires in Africa, South America and Australia, contributing to high concentrations in the atmosphere. Notice how these emissions are also transported by winds to other parts of the world. As summer transitions to fall, and plant photosynthesis decreases, carbon dioxide begins to accumulate in the atmosphere. Although this change is expected, we’re seeing higher concentrations of carbon dioxide accumulate in the atmosphere each year. This is contributing to the long-term trend of rising global temperatures. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2, or OCO-2, will be the first NASA satellite mission to provide a global view of carbon dioxide. OCO-2 observations and atmospheric models like GEOS-5 will work closely together to better understand both human emissions and natural fluxes of carbon dioxide. This will help guide climate models toward more reliable predictions of future conditions across the globe.

NASA | A Year in the Life of Earth’s CO2
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100 thoughts on “NASA | A Year in the Life of Earth’s CO2

  • February 16, 2018 at 6:15 pm
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    Quick, save it before the Corruption Party takes it down for being Climate Science.

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  • February 16, 2018 at 6:17 pm
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    When you realise the scale from green to red is 381 to 385 parts per million, thats a difference of 0.000004%

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  • February 16, 2018 at 8:03 pm
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    So the difference between the least shown to the most CO2 shown is a difference of 4.5% in the rise of CO2 (in the worst emission location on this map). Is a 4.5% difference that concerning?

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  • February 16, 2018 at 8:37 pm
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    Stop gas car

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  • February 16, 2018 at 9:21 pm
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    …As a australian i'm slightly anoyed that we are getting everyone elses smoke, but that everyone else only gets what smoke manages to get all the way over the atlantic. (i think that's the name? Like 97% sure)

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  • February 19, 2018 at 1:52 am
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    Hey Nasa! Can you please update this video and add 2016 data? This was over 10 years ago!

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  • March 6, 2018 at 5:06 pm
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    Global temperatures no longer on a rising trend. Please respond to The Grand Challenges set by the WCRP.

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  • March 6, 2018 at 10:30 pm
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    …well, since transportation and industrial activities dont't change that much during the year, it seems clear that all that carbon dioxide in the nothern hemisphere during wintertime is due to mere HEATING of both homes and workplaces, right?

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  • March 10, 2018 at 10:14 pm
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    wow!

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  • March 12, 2018 at 11:04 pm
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    You forgot to mention the volcanoes contributing more carbon dioxide than we humans.

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  • March 19, 2018 at 4:58 pm
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    what music did they use?

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  • March 19, 2018 at 10:52 pm
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    Thanks Nasa

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  • March 25, 2018 at 10:23 pm
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    It isn't reliable. CO2 didn't stay in one place, but disperse quickly as possible…

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  • March 27, 2018 at 4:27 pm
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    looks much alike Saturn

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  • April 8, 2018 at 8:23 pm
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    CO2, carbon dioxide, is not a pollutant…CO, carbon monoxide is.

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  • April 9, 2018 at 11:46 pm
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    When will NASA learn that we are not in global warming. So just because it is a super computer generating this, does it mean it is accurate? Garbage in, Garbage out, is what we get from super computers, which means that all predictions are plausible just by fiddling with the input feeding and thus going on the interests of governments and agencies. I think NASA has to rethink it´s models in order to make them accurate. Also their atmospheric scientists have to go to school again and learn that CO2 is not a pollutant. CO2 is a gas that all animals expel and all plants feed on. Eyes open.

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  • April 19, 2018 at 3:31 am
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    damn China…. What had your never done?

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  • April 23, 2018 at 3:27 am
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    Damn this is 2006, how bad is it today?

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  • April 23, 2018 at 8:56 pm
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    When the Arctic Sea Ice Coverage goes we will too. Simple as that.

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  • April 25, 2018 at 12:51 am
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    DOES THAT MEANS PLANTING MORE TREE AND PRESERVE POPULATION HELPS?

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  • May 1, 2018 at 3:55 pm
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    If you set your computer at a particular number as 'red' as opposed to 'blue', then it looks very impressive, of course. But 400 ppm, is quite a lot compared to 250 ppm.

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  • May 3, 2018 at 7:12 pm
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    The doldrums can be clearly observed at the equator in the model

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  • May 14, 2018 at 2:08 pm
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    co2 makes things grow

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  • May 28, 2018 at 10:25 am
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    It''s true that co2 is causing a rise in temperature. But isn't it the imbalanced emission of co2 around the world is the one causing the changes in weather? Seems like it's all related to heat island effect.

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  • June 7, 2018 at 8:50 am
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    So sad to think that some people now even doesn't believe the earth is dying. Why people are so ignorant?

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  • June 26, 2018 at 12:56 am
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    CO2 results in more vegetation …hence more O2 in the atmosphere is a response…human need O2…it’s not clear that the long term effects is directly related to long term increase in temperatures and where is the links for global temperature measurements.

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  • June 26, 2018 at 8:38 pm
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    One thing that stuck with me throught the whole video, here in Patagonia seems to be the most unpoluted place to live right?

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  • July 1, 2018 at 10:11 pm
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    Do you use red to scare people thinking that the CO 2 levels are dangerously high? And tell me what is the ideal CO 2 level or the most so called natural one.

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  • July 17, 2018 at 8:58 am
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    It's a Computer MODEL! No "Greenhouse Gas Effect" has ever been observed! Fake News!

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  • July 17, 2018 at 2:30 pm
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    Nasa should be defunded and imprisoned.

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  • August 2, 2018 at 5:39 am
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    Um all of a sudden 12 years later?

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  • August 6, 2018 at 2:38 pm
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    The CO2 emission streams look like blood from scars

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  • August 9, 2018 at 5:29 am
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    Today the entire map would be colored pink, passing 400 ppm of co2.

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  • August 21, 2018 at 1:56 pm
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    I know this is a supercomputer model – but the available CO2 Rasters from NASA have really poor resolution (2 degrees x 2.5 degrees). Does anyone know if there are monthly rasters for CO2 concentration with better resolution? (e.g. close to what is shown in this video).

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  • August 23, 2018 at 8:17 am
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    You can not see CO2 gas it is invisible. But in models everything is possible for reaearch funding.

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  • September 10, 2018 at 4:35 pm
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    Good vid bro

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  • September 17, 2018 at 4:22 am
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    what is the meaning of prediction, there is on need of it unless we are making efforts to tackle carbon emission or else its just a waste time and talent.

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  • September 17, 2018 at 7:30 am
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    I have a question. I want use this video in science museum to show the danger of environmental destruction. Can I use this one regardless of copyright?

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  • September 30, 2018 at 12:30 am
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    In the winter months the tips of South America Africa and Australia are pretty empty of a lot of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

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  • October 3, 2018 at 9:40 am
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    2018, Over 400ppmv.

    Sad World

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  • October 4, 2018 at 1:11 pm
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    nice; so when the planet warms up we'll have a longer growing season and the plants will consume CO2 for a longer season.

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  • October 5, 2018 at 7:56 pm
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    Let’s plant more trees

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  • October 9, 2018 at 4:57 pm
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    would like to see a video in video of the same simulation, 2006 & 2018

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  • October 11, 2018 at 8:09 pm
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    Soo we just need more plants? 😀

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  • October 17, 2018 at 8:14 pm
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    We need to stop using car and fossil fuels and stop cutting down big forest, or a huge part of our civilisation is going to die.

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  • October 23, 2018 at 9:11 am
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    No honest scientist denies the lagged response of CO2 content to warming and ocean outgassing, yet here you are, a public funded agency omitting any mention of that lagged effect, pretending 30 gt claimed as the best estimate of total annual human emissions drives the climate system of the planet, when natural flux is 600 – 700 gt per year, NASA is omitting a key point of fact, and a disservice to the public who pays NASA's generous salaries. The idea that instrument calibration errors and guesstimates of total flux are accurate enough on a global scale to define 30/700=0.04 that tiny ratio of CO2 is the control knob of global climate, and not merely noise in a chaotic system, is not believable. Sorry.

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  • October 30, 2018 at 7:33 am
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    I bet nobody even realize the diurnal pulsing pattern in the equatorial regions

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  • November 6, 2018 at 6:56 am
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    #greenembargo #embargotodeniers #embargotopolluters #buyfromconsciouscountries

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  • November 9, 2018 at 4:01 pm
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    Thank God I moved back to Southern Brazil after eight years in Vancouver, Canada!

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  • November 24, 2018 at 4:10 am
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    I find this logic used in the video very fabricated. I'm not denying that carbon emissions exist, I'm simply stating that this diagram is not an accurate representation of what our atmosphere goes through. This shows pretty much clean carbon emissions in 01/01/2006 and goes onto the end of 12/31/2007. Compare the visual between the two dates… When photosynthesis occurs, it occurs between the seasons of spring and fall, which is why it results in the smaller amount of carbon emissions in the atmosphere. During the fall and winter, as shown and as known, photosynthesis does not occur and leaves a larger abundance of carbon emissions in the sky. However, due to this being actually factual, 01/01/2006 should clearly be covered in red and purple indicators showing a mass amount of carbon emissions in the atmosphere because it's in the winter… Doesn't make sense.

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  • November 26, 2018 at 11:41 am
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    Look how the Amazon rain forest is 'breathing' trying to convert CO2 into oxygen 😉

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  • November 30, 2018 at 10:01 am
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    So … south of the equator people don't drive cars , don't burn coal and don't have emissions ….. right 😀

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  • December 4, 2018 at 5:44 pm
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    Serious question. Compare January 1 (start of video) with Dec 31 (end of video). Why aren't they the same?

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  • December 6, 2018 at 7:48 pm
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    Lol. it would only take a year or two to clean it all up…

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  • December 8, 2018 at 1:29 pm
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    Good.We need more Co2.

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  • December 10, 2018 at 6:26 pm
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    heya

    Read more

    gotcha

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  • December 16, 2018 at 5:46 pm
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    cHiNA

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  • December 17, 2018 at 9:40 am
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    Fake as the rest of nasa?

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  • December 21, 2018 at 4:12 pm
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    Why 2006 was the worst year in 2000's

    1:This video/Global warming by parts of North America and Asia
    2: Sonic 06
    3: horrible cartoons came

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  • February 28, 2019 at 7:22 am
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    quote from video,,," this will help guide computer models" total junk,, what a waste of tax-payers money,,

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  • March 4, 2019 at 9:30 pm
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    Unfortunately for the climate models from Satellite data taken over the last 25 years ( from their beginning) 0.06 Celsius change per decade that is a 6/100ths of a degree per decade change extremely stable. Myth busted. According to the theory Mars should be way hotter than Earth. Mars has 95% CO2 in its atmosphere vs less than 0.5% on Earth. Yet on Mars the temperature is minus -125 Celsius in winter and in summer at the equator 20 Celsius during the day but at night minus 73 Celsius. What happened to that CO2 controls climate model. Myth busted.

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  • March 4, 2019 at 9:39 pm
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    Co2 does not pose an existential threat to the planet. We know this because the co2 levels are at an all time low comparatively to the rest of history and only slightly higher than the lowest level ever. Co2 has gradually been sequestered into the geology over billions of years from a level as high as 50% of the total atmosphere. Life has thrived during much higher co2 levels. If the temperature were going to spiral out of control it would have already done so a long long time ago. There has only been ice on Earth for 20% of its history. Temperatures have risen imperceptibly since records began in the 19th century and this is born out by the fact that sea levels have not risen by any more than 2mm per year if that since the 19th century. Old Photos of land marks eg Statue of Liberty show that there is no perceivable rise in sea level since the 19th century. Life thrives in warm climates. If the Earth were expected to cool by 4 degrees that would be a real worry because food production and general survival of life would be much more difficult. 30 years ago experts said the Maldives would be swamped by now. No such thing has happened. There is actually more land mass now than there was then and there has been much coastal development of millionaires villas and holiday homes. Of course the government still holds out the begging bowl for compensation from the developed nations.

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  • March 9, 2019 at 1:51 pm
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    Earth O2 production vs human CO2 production

    CO2 human production estimate: 29 billion tonnes per year (1/3 of O2) and Earth produces around 100 billion per year.

    O2 production:

    Land:
    2.6 tonnes of O2 per acre of trees
    9.880 billion acre's of trees

    = O2 annually: 25.688 billion tonnes

    Oceans:
    Algae 150 tonnes(100-200) of O2 per acre annually. Oceans produce estimate of around 75% of oxygen
    = 25 billion (roughly 25% of land oxygen) = around 75 billion tonnes by oceans

    Together:
    Around 100 billion tonnes of O2 per year

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  • March 15, 2019 at 3:31 am
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    They look like smoke

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  • March 16, 2019 at 11:12 pm
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    Climate, temperature and CO2 are NOT related and never even were. "global warming" is still a hoax.

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  • March 20, 2019 at 11:47 am
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    The earth runs in cycles . Global warming is a hoax . The truth will set you free

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  • March 25, 2019 at 4:00 am
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    A "massive" die off of homo sapiens in the short term is required.

    Four to five billion over the next decade.

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  • March 31, 2019 at 5:30 am
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    We need to control it because dont alive with poluted atmosphere. We give priorty to other things.we have time to save our earth after we have not choice to die.

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  • April 2, 2019 at 9:15 pm
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    Something wronggggggggggg in this model…. Were is HAARP…………What no volcano……………….. This is a model, fake situation.. Fake news…

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  • April 5, 2019 at 11:07 pm
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    A computer model does not produce data.

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  • April 9, 2019 at 2:09 pm
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    We should raze half of the northern hemisphere countries and replace then with forests because they are clearly entirely at fault for global warming and polution in general, but wont move a finger to do anything about it and instead put the burden on the southern countries

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  • April 9, 2019 at 7:33 pm
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    Well the trees and plants must be having the time of their lives. Being able too breath easy for the first time in a long time .. wonderful

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  • April 17, 2019 at 4:58 pm
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    A lot of things has been already said on that video, however two details "stroke" me :

    – The accumulation of CO2 in the Northern Hemisphere and its virtual absence on the other side of the Planet. Could that explain, partially, the observed discrepancies in terms of Climate Change between both Hemispheres ?

    – The unexpected and astonishing role played by the Northern Forests (Canada, Scandinavia & Russia) : they start to work as from late spring and they remove nearly all the CO2 within a single month.

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  • April 19, 2019 at 6:15 am
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    If CO2 disappears then everything dies!!!

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  • April 22, 2019 at 2:39 am
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    You do know, that CO2 only makes up .02% of the atmosphere? It's a trace gas. Just a little info you normally don't get. What about SO2 and CO? Water vapor even. This has a major effect on the climate. Ask NASA about solar activity. They put out an article about 8 or so years ago on how the Sun and our climate correspond. Then they redacted it. Why? That's back when they called it global warming. Back in the 80's, they started using the term climate change when the whole global cooling campaign failed. This is about money and power, not saving the planet.

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  • April 25, 2019 at 4:57 am
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    What if, we fly to the atmosphere and collect some of this gas and bring it down to the earth's surface then filter it with trees.

    (Sound stupid right?)

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  • May 2, 2019 at 12:28 am
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    Oh my god… this was 2006… imagine it now…

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  • May 3, 2019 at 10:26 am
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    You can see how CO2 clouds travel from USA to Europe and then are blocked by the Himalayas, to prevent them from going into South Asia. Such as at 0:43 , a huge CO2 cloud stops abruptly at the mountains of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan.

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  • May 3, 2019 at 10:02 pm
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    Well….were all done for.

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  • May 6, 2019 at 2:56 am
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    Soy de Argentina. Cuando viajé a México, Estados Unidos y España pude comprobar que el aire que se respira en esas naciones es diferente y muy contaminado. Las partículas de monóxido se acumulaban bastante en los orificios de mi nariz.

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  • May 8, 2019 at 5:18 pm
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    Global warming is a hoax made up by the liberal media to get rid of our war machines so that we can get overwhelmed by the shadow government. Do not believe the lies of the government.

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  • May 15, 2019 at 8:29 pm
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    I just realized thanos was right

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  • May 23, 2019 at 5:54 am
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    RUSSIA should sue Europe for the CO2 emissions.

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  • June 19, 2019 at 12:46 pm
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    So, so. Half of the CO2 emitted by fossil fuels remain in the atmosphere but all the CO2 emitted by natural causes is absorbed by nature. Fossil fuel CO2 must be a different molecule then. Considering that 95% of CO2 is emitted by nature, nature seams to be able to distinguish between fossil fuel CO2 and any other CO2. The wisdom of NASA is fantastic.

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  • June 24, 2019 at 1:42 pm
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    Wow you can see human use of fossil fuels significantly in the winter time! Because it's cold! And carbon monoxide from fires during the summer! Because it's hot!

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  • June 26, 2019 at 3:44 pm
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    The color scaling is pretty deceptive (not saying it's deliberate), the upper portion is irrelevant because it's never reached, and the scale of effective colors is a delta of only 5 ppm throughout the year on average. I'd like to see the concentration data from 1920s and 1880s.

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  • July 2, 2019 at 8:07 am
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    plss bomb china

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  • July 2, 2019 at 8:17 pm
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    This is really bad

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  • July 9, 2019 at 8:18 am
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    Remember, this is a model !!!. Its not true that half of the CO2 is emitted my humans. In fact 98% is emitted by the oceans and water bodies. It actually pretty simple – when it gets warmer more CO2 is emitted by the oceans. Its like a carbonated soda can. When you heat it all the CO2 is gone and it doesnt taste very good anymore. But when you cool it it stays inside. Its an endothermic reaction!!. Arguing CO2 heats the planet would mean its an exothermic reaction which is simply not true. Its not more CO2 that causes the planet to heat, its the other way around. More heat causes more CO2 to be emitted by the oceans. Programing a model which leaves out the oceans and arguing that humans cause 50% of the CO2 emissions on the planet is a false assumption and causes the model to be inaccurate. Its not 50% its 1/50.

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  • July 12, 2019 at 10:49 am
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    Ergo winter should be warmer and summer cooler

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  • July 14, 2019 at 4:09 am
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    2019??

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  • July 15, 2019 at 5:34 am
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    A Presumptuous Opinion: This is a form of entertainment which used to be called Children's Cartoon, and today they're called "Graphics/Images." Think outside the boxes.

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  • July 24, 2019 at 9:07 am
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    Obviously fake

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  • August 3, 2019 at 5:20 pm
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    Any update for 2018 ?

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  • August 11, 2019 at 2:59 am
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    Poor Amazon rainforest the whole time it’s was absorbing CO2 the whole time

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  • August 15, 2019 at 2:26 pm
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    What about recent years???

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  • August 20, 2019 at 1:01 pm
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    Компьютерная модель, составленная на основе спутниковых данных NASA, позволяет увидеть, как углекислый газ в атмосфере «путешествует» по всему земному шару.

    Специалисты Центра космических полетов Годдарда (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center) разработали специальную компьютерную программу, которая имитирует движение в земной атмосфере парниковых газов, большую часть которых составляет двуокись углерода или углекислый газ. В компьютер загружались данные по погодным условиям и углекислому газу за последние десятилетия, и в результате стало возможным создать «путевую карту» газа, перемещающегося по планете на протяжении всего года. Данные для проекта, получившего название «Nature Run», собирались с 2005 года, когда содержание частиц углекислого газа в атмосфере Земли составляло 375-385 на миллион. К 2014 году эта цифра превысила значение в 400 частиц на миллион, и компьютерная модель была обновлена. Пик концентрации углекислоты приходится на весну и падает летом. Как отмечает National Geographic, это обусловлено массовым цветением растений и полностью раскрывшимся листьям деревьев в Северном полушарии: начиная с июня они максимально активно поглощают углекислый газ. А осенью и зимой природа погружается в сон, и концентрация углекислого газа снова увеличивается. Большая часть суши расположена в Северном полушарии, поэтому там влияние растительности на атмосферу более заметно.

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  • August 21, 2019 at 7:05 am
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    hahaha his name sound like bill buttman

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  • August 24, 2019 at 3:36 am
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    the trees must be happy

    Reply

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