[TITLE & MUSIC] Hi there smart driver, Rick with Smart Drive Test. Mock road test – winter time. I had a comment from Kyle Crasto, he’s in Toronto and they have snow. And he had some questions about how close he needed to park to the curb when there’s snowbanks and whatnot. And actually in the wintertime, it’s probably a lit bit easier to do your road test because things aren’t quite as exact. If you have a snowbank, you don’t have to right up against the snowbank. Because you’re going to risk getting stuck. and on that point of getting stuck and driving in the wintertime and doing your road test. Make sure you take a vehicle that has good quality tires on it. Either M & S rated tires or the snow flake rated tires. You want to have quality tires. And the second thing that I would recommend with doing a road test in the wintertime take a vehicle that is either front wheel drive or all-wheel drive. You might even take 4-wheel drive depending on how much snow you’ve had of late. I would recommend at minimum take a front-wheel drive, because if you take a rear-wheel drive it’s just too easy to break loose. And it’s harder to control With a front-wheel drive vehicle, all the vehicle is over the drive axles and you’re less likely to lose control of the vehicle. It’s less likely that the tires are going to break traction – and you’re going to spin out. So, if you can get a front-wheel drive vehicle, it’s going to better in the wintertime as well. And if you look at my previous video on mock road test you don’t have to drive the speed limit. Remember, speed limit–posted speed limits–for the purposes of a road test are under ideal conditions. And it is not ideal conditions in the wintertime. Especially if you’ve had a recent dump of snow, as we’ve had here in Vernon, British Columbia, Canada. Now, also in the wintertime, the farther you get away from the main roads, the more and more snow you’re going to find. So, when we get into the residential areas here and start doing the slow-speed manouevres, you’re going to see that there’s a lot more snow than there is out on the main roads. So that’s what we’re going to do today. We’re going to hook up the cameras and go for a drive. And show you how to do a road test in the wintertime. Stick around we’ll be right back with that information. [OPENING CREDITS & MUSIC] (OPENING CREDITS & MUSIC) [OPENING CREDITS & MUSIC] [OPENING CREDITS & MUSIC] Hi there smart drivers, Rick with Smart Drive Test, talking to you today about a road test in the wintertime. And as I said in the introduction, it’s a little less exact in the wintertime because you don’t want to get into a snowbank and risk getting the vehicle stuck. Driving examiners, for whatever reason, don’t like pushing cars out of snowbanks. [CHUCKLING] So, they’re a little bit more lenient in the winter time about how far you are from the curb when you’re parking. So, what we’re going to do, we’re going to go for a drive and show in the winter time for the purposes of a road test. So the driving examiner’s got in the car. And you’ve done up your seat belts. And he or she has given you the spiel about obeying all traffic laws and being safe on the road and…of course he or she will have a clipboard. And don’t get too excited about what he or she is writing down. Pay attention to what you’re doing. Focus on what you’re doing. You’re job, for the purposes of a road test, is to take away the driving examiner’s right to fail you! That’s all you have to do – nothing more, nothing less! Let’s get going here on our road test. [RELEASING THE PARKING BRAKE] Into a forward gear. Parking brake off. For those of you driving an automatic transmission, it’ll be into Drive. 360° scan. The driving examiner has indicated for us to go right out the parking lot. 360° scan. Both hands on the steering wheel. Vehicle in front of us. [SIGNALLING TO THE RIGHT] We’re just looking to see where that person is going. We’re going to stop. because we have no idea where that person is going. They want to go in behind us. So we’re going to proceed out of the way. [SIGNALLING TO THE RIGHT] And again we have to yield to all other traffic. We don’t actually have to stop here. The way is clear. There is a STOP sign before the railway crossing. And I can’t see…I can just barely see the STOP line. It’s 15 feet from the railway crossing or 5 metres. Moving forward so we can see clearly on the railway crossing. I’m driving a manual transmission, so I don’t shift gears over the railway crossing. Both hands on the steering wheel, except for the purposes of shifting. And the driving examiner has indicated for us to right at the controlled intersection. And you can see that the controlled intersection is a STOP sign. So approximately half a block from the intersection we mirror, signal, shoulder check. We move and postion the vehicle to the right. And again we stop before the sidewalk because I can’t see the STOP line. I just got a glimpse of it there. So stop before the sidewalk. And then creep forward until I can see. Shoulder checking. I can go after this white vehicle. Shoulder check immediately before turning. The driving examiner has told us to go left at the traffic light. Mirror, signal, shoulder check. Signal on all the way into the other lane. There’s a red light. So there’s no point screaming up there. Into the turning lane before the solid white line. I can sort of see the crosswalk line here. I put the front tires on the front crosswalk line. Signal on. I have a gap. I’m meeting the gap. Turn the vehicle. Into my lane and I accelerate the vehicle. The driving examiner has told me to go left at the next intersection, which is not a controlled intersection, it is right here. So we’re going to slow – mirror, signal, shoulder check approximately one half block before the intersection. I’m watching that vehicle and making sure that vehicle is stopped. Which he or she is stopped. And again, as you can see here, a lot more snow and ice. And the farther you get off the main roads there’s going to be more snow. And I’m not actually doing the speed limit here. I’m only doing about 40kph, which is about 22mph. And I’m preparing for the STOP sign. So I want to start braking and slowiing down back before the STOP sign so the vehicle will actually stop…. where I want it to stop. And again there’s….there’s a sidewalk over there. I think – it’s hard to tell with the snow banks and whatnot. But I stop back and creep up where I can see. I can see, the way is clear. And we proceed. [ACCERATING THE VEHICLE & SHIFTING] Accelerating into a straight line. And again the temperature here now is about -15°C (5°F), so we have good traction, because we have sub-zero temperatures And I’m working really hard to keep my hands on the steering wheel. But, for those of you that have watched my videos before, know that I talk with my hands. So it’s a bit of challenge for me to keep my hands bolted to the steering wheel for the purposes of doing a road test. So, we’re proceeding down here. The examiner has told us to proceed straight through the next intersection, which again is a controlled intersection with a STOP sign. And we’re slowing back from where we want to stop. [SLOWING THE VEHICLE] And again we have a sidewalk. And we stop before the sidewalk [SCANNING THE INTERSECTION] Creep forward until we can see. The way is clear. And we proceed. [ACCELERATING THE VEHICLE AND SHIFTING] The examiner has told us to turn right at the next intersection. Mirror, signal, shoulder check. [LOCATING THE TURN] Get my gear. [STEERING THE VEHICLE] before the intersection. Turning at the interseciton. The driving examiner has indicated for us to park off the van. Mirror, signal, shoulder check I’m approximately 3 feet from the van. I line up the back window. And right about there. Into reverse. [PUTTING THE TRANSMISSION INTO REVERSE] so my reverse lights come on. I pick out my 45° marker. It is in front of that guard rail. And I reverse all the way back. [TURNING THE STEERING WHEEL TO THE RIGHT] until I’m in line with my 45° marker. I turn my steering wheel back to straight. I come approximately one third of the way down the hood, which is about there. I turn my steering wheel all the way to the right. or to the left rather, sorry – my other right. And then I pull forward, until the bumper of the vehicle in front just disappears. of the vehicle. Until you can just see the top of the bumper. At this point you put on the parking brake, and put the manual transmission into a forward gear. or put it into Park if you driving an automatic transmission. And tell the examiner that you’re finished. The examiner say OK. Now, in terms of getting into the snow bank – you don’t want to get into the snowbank. You can see here in the dashcam that I’m lined up behind that vehicle. And essentially for a road test in the winter time, that’s all you want to do is be lined up behind the other vehicle. It’s not 6 to 9 inches from the curb. It’s lined up with the vehicle in front of you. And that’s what the measure is in the winter time because you don’t want to get stuck. in the snow bank over there. The examiner has indicated for us to go. We’re into reverse and we’re looking behind us. We’re going to back up. Signal – mirror, signal, shoulder check. Into a forward gear. [STEERING THE VEHICLE TO THE LEFT] And we proceed. The examiner has told us to to do a 2-point reverse turn around this corner. Mirror, signal, shoulder check. We pull up on the right side – here. We put our right signal on. 360 degree scan. Into reverse. Looking behind us. Turning all the way to the right. Again, trying not to get into the snow bank. And now we’ve done a two-point reverse turn. And we stop. Into a forward gear. The examiner has told us to proceed, and to turn right at the controlled intersection. [SCANNING THE INTERSECTION BEFORE PROCEEDING] And again, in the winter you may have to operate the heater controls for the defrost for the heat in the vehicle. If it gets too hot. And again, we stop before the sidewalk….tThere is no sidewalk here, so we go right up to the edge of the road. And there’s not STOP lines–I can’t see the STOP lines So, that’s what you do for the purposes of a road test. Complete stop [STEERING AND ACCELERTING THE VEHICLE] The examiner has told us to proceed left at the controlled intersection. [ACTIVATING LEFT SIGNAL] So, mirror, signal, shoulder check approximately one half block from the turn. And again, there’s a sidewalk here, so we stop before the sidewalk. We come to a complete stop at the STOP sign. Proceed forward until we can see. We can see, the way is clear. And we proceed. [STEERING AND ACCELERATING THE VEHICLE] The examiner has told us to turn right at the next intersection. At the controlled intersection rather. At the STOP sign. Mirror, signal, shoulder check approximately half a block before the intersection. And again we stop before the sidewalk. [SCANNING THE INTERSECTION] Move forward until we can see. And the way is clear…no, the way is not clear. It’s higher speed traffic because this is a main road. So know that when you come out onto a main road or a multi-lane road the snow is going to be gone. The road is going to be in much better condition and the vehicles are going to be travelling at a higher speed. So, you’re going to need a bigger gap before you proceed. That’s why I waited for all that traffic before proceeding. So, know that the faster the vehicles are travelling along the roadway the more gap you’re going to need to move our there. And that comes with experience about how much gap you need in order to pull out onto another road way. And I can see the STOP line here, so I stop before the STOP line. The examiner has indicated that we want to turn left at the next controlled intersection, which is at the next traffic light. Scanning the intersection before we proceed. Putting my left signal on to indicate that I want to move over to the other lane. Signal on all the way into the other lane. Cancel my signal. [ACTIVATING LEFT SIGNAL] Mirror, signal, shoulder check to the left. We wait until the end of the painted island and we want to drive into the turning lane before the solid white line. And at this point, you have to watch because your signal might cancel and you might have to turn it back on, so just note that. Front wheels on the front crosswalk line. Proceeding and meeting the gap. Shifting and moving forward. And we have to watch that car on the left, because it’s way over the STOP line. Right signal on immediately, and we move back over to the right lane. Leave the signal on all the way into the right lane. And we have a red light so there’s no point accelerating up to the red light. Both hands on the steering wheel. as I tell myself all the time when I’m doing these videos because as you know I talk with my hands. OK, we have another yellow light. There’s no point accelrating towards the yellow light so we just take our foot off the throttle. 50kph – we just work the throttle a little bit, and moving through the intersection. Now, we’re coming up to an intersection at that second traffic light. And you’ll be able to see that in the dashcam. Now, we come to a stop at the STOP line. [SCANNING THE INTERSECTION] [WAITING FOR THE TRAFFIC LIGHT] [LIGHT TURNS GREEN AND WE PROCEED] This intersection up here… both lanes turn left, but there’s no overhead signs and there’s no lane markings. But I live here, so I know that this intersection has two turning lanes to the left. Now when you turn left and both lanes turn left, you want to be in the outside lane, because when you’re in the outside lane, you’re going to end up in the right hand lane on the other side and that way you’re not going to have to change lanes. to get back to the lane that you should be in for the purposes of a road test. So just know that. Two lanes turning left, you want to be in the outside lane. And if you have two lanes turning right you want to be in the right-hand lane, that way when you go around the corner you’re going to be in the right-hand lane, and the correct lane for driving straight down the road. Scanning the intersection before we proceed out into the intersection. [ACCELERATING AND LOOKING IN THE DIRECTION WE WANT THE VEHICLE TO TRAVEL] And we’re changing to a 50 kph. It goes from an 80kph to a 50kph (50-30mph) here. which is basically a 50mph to a 30mph zone. And it goes to 50kph right here. So we’re going to reduce our speed a little bit and do the posted speed limit, which is 50kph. And the roads are in good condition here. You can see that because it is a main road here So there isn’t any snow like there was when we were on the back road there – the residential streets and whatnot. They’re not as well maintained and plowed. So, there’s lots of snow there. And again, I’m just monitoring my speed, I’m controlling my speed. Speed & space management – again, huge! Another sign for 50kph – 30mph for those of you in. the United States. Both hands on the steering wheel and scanning well ahead. I’ve got a red light up here and the traffic is stopped. There’s no point hurrying up to the light. Just take your foot off the throttle and prepare to come to a stop. And we can see that the cross traffic has come to a stop, so I knew that the light was going to change. And I keep my distance so I can see the tires of the vehicle in front of me making clear contact with the pavement. And you want to maintain your speed – control your speed as you’re coming off the intersection because it’s easy to get following traffic and the next thing you know you’re over the posted speed limit because we’re on a main road here and a lot of the vehicles are going to be travelling at speeds above the posted speed limit. So don’t get caught out that way. Simply monitor your speed when you’re coming off the traffic light and get to the posted speed limit as quickly as possible, but don’t exceed the posted speed limit. Because as we know, for the purposes of a road test there are for major components: 1) speed management; 2) space management; and maintaining the posted speed limit. So that’s the speed and space management. The speed part is the posted speed limit or the traffic flow, whichever is less. And the other two components are: 3) observation; and 4) communication. Those are the four main components, so speed & space management; observation and communication. Now the driving examiner has indicated for us to go right at the next intersection, which is right here. Scanning and checking my mirror behind. Mirror, signal, shoulder check before the turn. And we are going to go left at the next intersection. Mirror, signal shoulder check. And again we’re stopping before the sidewalk. I can’t see the STOP line. I’ll just get a little bit of a vision of the STOP line here. Because again, we’re getting back into the snow and ice. And we’re moving forward so we can see. And the way is clear. And we proceed. [ACCELERATING AND LOOKING IN THE PATH OF TRAVEL] And the examiner has indicated that we go left at the controlled intersection, which is the traffic light. Mirror, signal, shoulder check approximately one half block from the turn. And I can see the crosswalk line. I can’t see the STOP line, but I’m going to stop before the crosswalk line because there is a sidewalk. Scanning the intersection. I can see the green light on the cross street – I can see the yellow, therefore my light is going to change momentarily. My light has gone to green and the other vehicle is proceeding through the intersection. I scan the intersection and the way is clear. As I’m proceeding, I’m looking through the interseciton. The examiner has indicated for us to proceed straight. We’re proceeding straight. And we come up and I am stopping before the STOP line because I can see the STOP line because we are near a main road again. [WAITING FOR THE TRAFFIC LIGHT] The traffic light is green. I know that my light is not going to change any time soon. I’m watching the traffic behind me here, as I’m sitting here. Because if the traffic behind me is coming up and looking like it’s not going to stopped then I simply move forward across the crosswalk and that way it’ll prevent me from getting rear ended. Often times, that little bit of space is enough for them to get stopped. And again we’re scanning the intersection and proceeding. The way is clear. Scanning the intersections as I’m proceeding straight. I know that there’s two crosswalks here, and I can see by the overhead signs as well. The examiner has indicated to go left at the next intersection. Mirror, signal, shoulder check. Into the turning lane because I can see the arrows on the road. Stop before the STOP line. My light is red – the other one has gone to green. I know that mine is going to change. Scan the intersection. I’m waiting for that vehicle to come through. Shoulder check immediately before turning. And the examiner has indicated for us to return to the licencing centre. So I’m going to proceed through the intersection. I can’t see. I stopped before the sidewalk. We move forward. There’s a car coming. And we proceed. Turing right back into the licencing centre. Mirror, signal, shoulder check. [LAUGHING – THERE’S A VEHICLE BLOCKING ENTRANCE] I see the STOP line there. There was a vehicle parked there in the licencing centre, so I had to go around and come in the way. into the other parking lot. Mirror, signal, shoulder check. 360° scan in the parking lot. And I’m pulling up to park in in this beside this vehicle here. So I want to go two spaces–one, two–these cars are a bit far apart. So I want to go to the second space at the half way point. I’ve done that – I’ve got my vehicle in reverse so my reverse lights are on. I’ve got my signal on. And I turn my steering wheel all the way to the right. And I’m watching that vehicle. I’m watching that vehicle. 360° scan. Actually, I lost demerits there because I didn’t do a didn’t do a 360° scan before I proceeded in reverse. They’re are minor points, but I would have lost a few points there. OK, I’m almost in the space. I’m looking forward and I’m bringing my steering wheel back to straight. Looking forward, looking behind me. And I’m finishing my backing into the the space because I know my steering wheel is straight. Now, I’m just backing up. And again, I don’t want to back up too far. I don’t want to get into the snow bank behind me. And I know the back of that vehicle and the front of that vehicle are lined up. Secure the vehicle by putting it into a forward gear, or into Park if you’re driving an automatic transmission. Apply the parking brake. Turn the vehicle off and the examiner… And you tell the examiner that you’re finished. And the examiner will tell you whether you were successful on your road test or not. Quick review of road test in the winter time. Know that it’s not going to be as exact. You don’t have to get as close to the curb. Actually you only have to get close to the snow bank. And as I showed you in the parallel park, you only have to line yourself up behind the vehicle which you’re parking behind. You don’t have to get any closer to the snowbank. Because if you get any closer to the snow bank it is going to be a risk of getting stuck. And driving examiners don’t pushing vehicles out of snow banks. [LAUGHING] Actually they’d just terminate your road test at that juncture unfortunately. So stay away from the snow bank. Don’t risk getting stuck. Simply line up off the vehicle in front. As well, when you can’t see the road marking at the intersection, and if there’s a sidewalk, simply stop behind the sidewalk. You don’t have to stop at the road markings that you can’t see. And the farther you get away from the main roads, the more snow there’s going to be on the roadway. As well, take not of the temperature: if the temperature is around 0°C (36°F) in the winter time, know that it’s going to be a lot more slippery than it is if you have sub-zero temperatures as we do here in Vernon today. It’s about -15°C (5°F) outside, that’s probably why you don’t see me outside shooting outside in the Great Outdoors. I’m sitting in my car where it’s toasty warm! Because it is cold at -15°C (5°F). So, just saying that at -15°C (5°F), the windows were very, very frosty, so take some time and get the windshield and whatnot all cleaned off completely so that you can see well during your road test. And both hands on the steering bolted on the steering wheel. All of the rest of the skills techniques, and abilities that you have to demonstrate for the purposes of a road test–you can see it in the other video that I have here on the channel of taking a road test in the summer time – all those rules apply. Now, the posted speed limit – you can’t do the posted speed limit in the winter time because those are under ideal condtions. If you’re out on the main road, yes, but if you’re on back residential streets especially if they have parked cars and there are a lot of snow banks and those types of things, you’re not even going to get close to the speed limit. So there’s good reason for you to go slower than the posted speed limit. Even you know, 20 or 30kph (15-20mph) you know because there’s lots of snow banks, and there’s lots snow, and there’s lots of cars parked around. If you’re in the States 15 to 20mph in these residential areas. where there’s lots of snow and parked cars and those types of things. So you don’t have to do the posted speed limit. You don’t even try to do the posted speed limit because the driving examiner will deem it dangerous and assign demerits for it. Again finally, the driving examiner’s sitting there with a clipboard and writing stuff down. Try not to get distracted by that. Focus on what your’re doing. As I said in the introduction, and as I’ve said time and time again. You’re job is to take away the examiner’s right to fail you. Nothing more, nothing less. Question for my smart drivers: do you have any tips for new drivers taking a road test in the winter time. Leave a comment down in the comment section. All that helps out the new drivers taking their road test in the winter time. I’m Rick with Smart Drive Test. Thanks very much for watching. If you like what you see here share, subscribe, leave a comment down in the comment section. As well, hit that thumbs up button. Check out all the videos on the channel if you’re working toward a licence or starting a career as a truck or bus driver. Lots of great information here. As well, head over to my website – lots of great information there too. as well as online course that you can purchase. Stick around to the end of the video – links to the other videos and to my website – funny bits too! Thanks again for watching. And remember, pick the best answer not necessarily the right answer. Have a great day! Bye now. [BLOOPER] the sidewalk, so we stop behind the sidewalk. I can kind of see the STOP line here. So I move forward after I come to a complete stop. [STALLED THE VEHICLE] Well…that was embarrasing!