hello I'm Craig Heffernan today I'm going to specifically show you how I laid out and built the closed-in stairs on an outdoor deck I've always drawn out every project on paper before I build drawing to a smaller scale helps me understand each piece of the project in detail I'm able to make an accurate material list and build with no mistakes to start off I'm going to level over from the top of the deck to where the last tread will end up I'll first take 48 inches and divide it by 8 inches to end up with 6 even risers I'll then take 48 inches again and divide 6 risers to come up with 8 inches each so now I know there will be 6 risers at 8 inches each and 5 tread runs at 10 and a half inches each here's an example of a total height that will challenge your math skills you'll need to use a decimal conversion chart to figure out the rise and run of most staircases and I hope this doesn't frighten you with this last example you can do it I use pressure-treated two by twelves for the stair stringers they are ready to ground contact because they may rest on the ground this line is set back from the crown edge two and a half inches this is so the stair noses are set back in and do not stick out beyond the edge of the stair stringer I'm starting on the top right-hand side of the staircase the square is marked 8 inches for the rise and 10 and a half inches for each tread run I continue marking the lines that will be cut later for the top riser I also mark the very top of the stringer at nine and a half inches this nine and a half inch cut will end up flush with the top of the finished deck floor the square is then moved down and marks are made another five times exactly bisecting along that snap line we are now marking the bottom of the last riser number six here's where I finished all the cut lines I subtract the thickness of the tread from the last riser and make a cut line the tail is also marked and cut off plumb to the stringer okay we are now doing the left side stringer same layout as the right hand stringer but in Reverse make sure you're starting from the top again and your square is flipped over or reversed again the top nine and a half inch mark is made from the bottom of the tread line to the top of the finished deck I'm continuing down the left-hand stringer marking a total of six risers and five treads remember to mark to cut off the thickness of your inch and a half tread from the last tread run for the closed-in stairs you will use treated 2×4 cleats 2×6 treads and 2×8 risers you're going to cut a total of ten treated 2×4 cleats nine inches long the cleats are nailed with three-inch ring shank nails that are acq approved for treated lumber they will be placed an inch and a half back to make room for the riser the cleats are also placed under the treads run line anytime you want to close in the bottom side of the stairs you'll want to cut the cleats back at an angle to make room for a nailer the left stringer is placed and held up flush to the top of the finished floor and fasten the right stringer is also placed to the top of the finished floor and fastened the total width of the stairs is 39 inches so I will deduct a thickness of two stringers which is three inches to give me a total of 36 inch treads and risers there will be a total of ten two by six is used for five treads you are also going to cut five risers to 36 inches and one of those five is ripped to six and a half inches for the bottom riser also note that the top sixth riser is always the band frame you will not need to cut one from there I am using three-inch coated screws on all the risers and treads they are acq approved to use on treated lumber a total of four screws are used through the riser into the ends of the cleats I also install a total of 10 screws on the top of the steps six into the cleats and four along the front down into the riser four screws are also installed to the back of the riser in the de tread the end of the stairs should always be held up by a post that is in the ground on a concrete footing it will also be used to secure the handrail that nailh are we put in earlier 's coming in handy now notice the lattice is recessed under the stringer all the railings on this deck are vinyl including the stairs if you want to watch more how-to videos on vinyl railings deck building kitchens bathrooms floorings and more please subscribe and you'll be notified of my latest videos your subscription will keep my channel going strong to see where I get all my materials check out the description below I'm Craig Heffernan and thanks for watching and don't forget to subscribe it's free

How I Build Outdoor Deck Stairs

25 thoughts on “How I Build Outdoor Deck Stairs

  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Great video Craig. One question: How did you come up with the 10 1/2 run?

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    this stringer is way more stronger then cutting angles to weaken that ramp.

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Greet work! But the music is priceless 🤣

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Great video, live your work 🙏🙌🤙

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    I'd love to learn from you firsthand

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Hi Craig! Hello from Russia, thanks for the video!

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    HI Craig,
    Loved the vid! Keep'em coming.

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Very nice and detailed 💪

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    عمل متقن وجميل

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    What type of stain are you using? Sealer and stain in one ?

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Thank you so much for this. 🙏

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    The "Thumb Down" was given by a Guy who hasn't got a decimal conversion chart ! ! ! ! Great Vid as always

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    What is the name of the tree that is used?

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    bro pease upload more videos

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Awesome music. Can u do a vinal 6ft fence

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Best contractor in Pennsylvania.

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    👏👏👏👏👏👏👏 Excellent!!!

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Let's invent a circular saw that will hand cut a 4×4 post!?

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    I know the YouTube channel isn’t your priority but man do you put up some great videos! I learn something new every video I watch of yours! Thanks Craig!

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Dude amazing video. I hope you made more

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Craig you're brilliant! Thanks for sharing!

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Hi Craig thanks for uploading. I would love to see you upload content alot more regularly as i really enjoy watching your videos. God bless

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    CRAIG YOU HAVE BEEN MISSED

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Fantastico trabalho,parabens🇧🇷🇧🇷

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  • July 31, 2019 at 1:28 am
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    Good job,man

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