>> COSTA: Coming up, it's the High School Quiz Show
championship, with Newton North High School… (cheers and applause) …taking on
Lexington High School. (cheers and applause) That's next
on High School Quiz Show. (cheers and applause) >> Need to file a claim? With Safety Insurance, you can
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your local independent agent. Either way, Safety Insurance
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you manage life's storms. >> COSTA: Hi, everybody. Welcome to
High School Quiz Show. I'm your host, Billy Costa. And this is it– we are down
to the final two teams. This is the match
that determines the 2017 High School Quiz Show
state champion. (cheers and applause) Today's championship matchup
has Lexington High School taking on
Newton North High School. And on the Lexington team,
we have Stephen, Colin, Nick,
and Krishna. With alternate Max
and the coaches, Kari Darling and Bill Cole. (cheers and applause) On the Newton North team, we have Louis, Max, Paris,
and Isabella, with alternate Max
on the sidelines, and coaches Albert Cho
and Gregory Drake. (cheers and applause) All right, the competition
has four rounds– a toss-up, a head-to-head round,
a category round, and a lightning round. We'll start with
the toss-up round. All answers are worth
ten points, and this is the only round with no point
deductions for wrong answers. So if everybody's ready,
let's play. On April 16, 1963, who wrote "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"
to his fellow clergymen? Yes, Isabella.
>> Martin Luther King. >> COSTA: Yes.
"All happy families are alike; each unhappy family
is unhappy in its own way." This is the opening line
of what famous Russian novel? Isabella.
>> Anna Karenina. >> COSTA: Yes. In December 2016, what former
Massachusetts governor was passed over after being
interviewed for U.S. secretary of state? Yes, Nick.
>> Mitt Romney. >> COSTA: Yes. What purple, fist-shaped organ
located to the left of the stomach is involved
in the recycling of old red blood cells? Yes, Max.
>> The spleen. >> COSTA: Yes. And now, take a look
at your monitors. Pictured here
at the White House in 1965, what U.S. secretary of defense
played a major role in the nation's military
involvement in Vietnam? Yes, Colin. >> McNamara.
>> COSTA: Yes. Who wrote a new book called
The Princess Diarist, based on a diary
she kept while filming the original Star Wars movie? Yes, Max.
>> Carrie Fisher. >> COSTA: Yes. The Muses were
Greek goddesses who ruled over the arts and sciences. According to the poet Hesiod,
how many Muses were there? Yes, Paris.
>> Nine. >> COSTA: Nine is right. Ever since it was destroyed
in 1941, what sunken ship
continues to leak more than a quart of oil a day from its grave
at the bottom of Pearl Harbor? Yes, Colin.
>> USS Arizona. >> COSTA: Yes. The new science-fiction
TV series Westworld is based on a 1973 story by what
author of Jurassic Park? Yes, Colin.
>> Michael Crichton. >> COSTA: Yes. And now, take a look
at your monitors, here comes your next question. And here I am, just like that. I get to do the video question. Here it comes: What late-night talk show host
has a recurring segment called "Carpool Karaoke"? And Paris.
>> James Corden. >> COSTA: Yes. In 1901, what Italian
physicist and inventor demonstrated
the first wireless telegraph across the Atlantic Ocean? And Nick.
>> Marconi. >> COSTA: Yes. What major river flows in a
giant arc through Venezuela and enters the Atlantic Ocean
near the island of Trinidad? And Nick.
>> Orinoco River. >> COSTA: Yes. What Supreme Court decision
ruled that people of African descent who were
brought to America as slaves were not U.S. citizens
and were not protected by the Constitution? Yes, Colin. >> Dred Scott.
>> COSTA: Yes. Which of the following
is the most abundant and strongest greenhouse gas? Is it A. water vapor, B. carbon
dioxide, or C. methane? Yes, Nick.
>> Methane. >> COSTA: No. Newton North,
you want to try… Max? >> Water vapor.
>> COSTA: Correct. Okay, take a look
at your monitors. Now, this is a skull of
Australopithecus afarensis, an early human ancestor
that was part ape, part human. A partial skeleton of this
species was first discovered in 1974 in Ethiopia
and given what female name? Yes, Nick. >> Lucy.
>> COSTA: Yes. Five hundred years
before Columbus, what Viking explorer
landed in North America, where he explored a region
he named Vinland? Yes, Paris. >> Leif Eriksson.
>> COSTA: Yes. What baseball executive
from Brookline, Mass., helped "reverse the curse"
in 2004 for the Red Sox, and then again in 2016
for the Chicago Cubs? Krishna. >> Theo Epstein.
>> COSTA: Yes. What annual prize is awarded
to the artist of the most distinguished American picture
book for children? And Paris.
>> Caldecott Medal. >> COSTA: Yes. In December 2016,
after eight years in office, what New Zealand prime minister
surprised his country by unexpectedly resigning? And Paris.
>> John Key. >> COSTA: Yes. Okay, take a look
at your monitors. We have a question
from a very special guest. >> Hello, I'm Charlie Baker,
governor of Massachusetts. Here's my question. Massachusetts is the birthplace of four
United States presidents: John Adams, John Quincy Adams,
John F. Kennedy, and who else? >> COSTA: Colin.
>> George H.W. Bush. >> COSTA: Yes. At the 2016 Rio Olympics,
the United States topped the medal count with 121 medals. Which of the following countries
won the second most medals? Was it A. China, B. Russia,
or C. Great Britain? Yes, Nick. >> C. Great Britain.
>> COSTA: Correct. What particle present in large
numbers in all living cells serves as the site
of protein synthesis? Yes, Stephen. >> Ribosome.
>> COSTA: Yes. In 2010, the acronym LBD entered
The Oxford English Dictionary. It stands for what item
of clothing famously worn by Audrey Hepburn in the opening
scene of Breakfast at Tiffany's? Isabella. >> Little black dress.
>> COSTA: Yes. In 1949, what former U.S. State
Department official was accused of being a communist spy
by Whittaker Chambers? And Nick. >> Alger Hiss.
>> COSTA: Yes. Math question. A company stock is worth $500
at the start of January. Each month, the stock goes up
10% in value. How much is the stock worth
at the end of February? Max.
>> $625. >> COSTA: No. Lexington, Nick?
>> $605. >> COSTA: Yes. The Nikola Tesla Museum
is located in what capital city of Serbia? Colin. >> Belgrade.
>> COSTA: Yes. With his wife Jeanne-Claude,
what contemporary artist created "The Floating Piers,"
a ribbon of yellow fabric spanning three kilometers
across a lake in northern Italy? Nick. >> Christo.
>> COSTA: Yes. >> All butterflies
are plant-specific. Monarch butterflies will only
lay their eggs on what plant? Krishna.
>> Milkweed. >> COSTA: Yes. Coming to theaters this summer, what epic war film directed
by Christopher Nolan is about the evacuation
of hundreds of thousands of Allied troops from France
in 1940? Max. >> Dunkirk.
>> COSTA: Yes. From the Greek meaning
"reaction with water," name the chemical process in which a molecule is cleaved
into two parts by the addition of a molecule of water. Max. >> Hydrolysis.
>> COSTA: Yes. In a story that made headlines
around the world, what English soccer team
overcame 5,000-to-1 odds to win the Premier League
championship in 2016? And Louis.
>> Leicester City. >> COSTA: Yes. In 1848, what Nantucket
astronomer became the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences, a year after discovering
her namesake comet? Colin.
>> Mitchell. >> COSTA: Yes. Maria Mitchell. Tucson, Arizona, lies in
a territory that was acquired from Mexico by the United States
in what 1854 purchase? Stephen.
>> Gadsden Purchase. >> COSTA: Yes. What character on the TV series
Lost shares his name with an English philosopher of the Enlightenment known
for his social-contract theory? And Colin. >> John Locke.
>> COSTA: Yes. In 1866, Johann Strauss
the Younger composed what famous waltz to lift the
spirits of his fellow Austrians after losing the Seven Weeks'
War with Prussia? Nick. >> "Blue Danube."
>> COSTA: Yes. In 2004, Democrats Chuck Schumer
and Harry Reid approached what 74-time Jeopardy!
champ about running for senator? Paris.
>> Ken Jennings. >> COSTA: Yes, also known as… (timer) Oh, that's the bell
ending the round! The score right now: Lexington High School
210 points, Newton North High School
150 points. How about it, everybody? Going for the crown. (cheers and applause) The head-to-head round is next. First, we're going to take
a couple of minutes to get to know the players
a little bit better. So, I've got a question
I will ask each of you. We're going to start over here
with Lexington High School. And the question is, Stephen… well, what year are you
currently in at school and what are your plans
after high school? >> I'm currently a junior. I want to go to a college
with a good finance program. >> COSTA: Okay. Colin? >> I'm a senior; I'd like to go to a university, a mid-size university
in or near a city. >> COSTA: All right. Nick? >> I'm still a sophomore, but I want to go to a college
with a good history program or political science program. >> COSTA: All right.
And Krishna? >> I'm a senior, and I'd like
to go to a college with good humanities programs
and good science programs so I could explore both sides
of my interests. >> COSTA: Okay. Newton North,
your turn. Starting with you, Louis. >> Yeah, I'm a senior
and I'm just going to relax, watch some
High School Quiz Show. >> COSTA: That's what I'm
talking about. Max? >> Well, I'm a junior,
and I don't really have any specific plans yet,
but I'd like to keep learning, keep exploring,
keep challenging myself. >> COSTA: Okay. Paris? >> I'm a senior. I've already gotten
into college, so I'm just trying to, like, make sure I don't get
rescinded at this point. (laughter) >> COSTA: Isabella? >> I'm a senior,
and I'm looking forward to finding a beach and reading
a book on it. >> COSTA: Wouldn't that be nice? Okay, it's time to play
head-to-head, which means, Lexington,
you're going to come down. Newton North,
you're going to come down. Let's go, head-to-head! (cheers and applause) Okay, we're about
to go head-to-head. I have the Newton North team
to my left, the Lexington High team
to my right. Gentlemen, shake hands,
as we get started. Oh, a reminder. In this round, you get ten
points for correct answers. Incorrect answers
will cost you ten. You can buzz in at any time. The clock is now set, good luck,
here we go. Who was assassinated by members
of the Roman Senate in 44 B.C.? Yes?
>> Caesar. >> COSTA: Yes.
What U.S. state is home to a region of narrow lakes
called the Finger… yes? >> New York.
>> COSTA: Yes. What word
beginning with the letter M refers to animals with an
abdominal pouch– yes? >> Marsupials.
>> COSTA: Yes. What 1993 film stars Bill Murray
as a weatherman inexplic… yes? >> Groundhog Day.
>> COSTA: Yes. What is the first name of the
Italian navigator Vespucci, who made several trips…
yes? >> Amerigo.
>> COSTA: Yes. Rocksteady, ska, and reggae are
music styles that originated in what… yes? >> Jamaica.
>> COSTA: Yes. In December 2016,
the CIA concluded that what foreign country had… yes? >> Russia.
>> COSTA: Yes. What American folk hero has
an animal sidekick called Babe? >> Paul Bunyan.
>> COSTA: Yes. What thoroughbred race
in Long Island is the third and final event
of the Triple Crown– yes? >> The Kentucky Derby.
>> COSTA: No, Belmont Stakes. What Lauren Hillenbrand book is
subtitled "A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience,
and Redemption"? (timer)
Unbroken. "The Entertainer" is a 1902
classic piano… yes? >> Scott Joplin.
>> COSTA: Yes. In 1780, what American general
was foiled in his attempt to turn over West… >> Benedict Arnold.
>> COSTA: Yes. What mountain range stretches
more than 1,200 miles through Morocco, Algeria,
and Tunisia? (timer)
The Atlas Mountains. Officially established in 1947, what is the youngest branch
of the U.S. military, yes? >> The Air Force.
>> COSTA: Yes. What Irish wit once quipped… (timer) Ah! (Costa sighs) That's the end of round two. Score right now: Lexington
High School 310 points. Newton North High School
150 points. Let's hear it, folks. (cheers and applause) Next up is the category round
with the following categories. Take Me With U, The Beautiful Ones, Computer Blue, When Doves Cry, Baby I'm a Star, and Purple Rain. Each category has five questions
with increasing point values. Yes, players, you can confer
with your teammates, but once you buzz in,
you cannot confer. We will need your answer. Newton North High School,
you've got a little ground to make up,
so you get to choose the first category,
and what's it going to be? >> All right, we'll take
Take Me With U, please. >> COSTA: These are questions
about the great American road trip,
and for ten points… The Gateway Arch, the tallest
manmade monument in the U.S., was built in 1965 to honor
what city's historic role as the starting point of
the Lewis and Clark expedition? Yes, Krishna.
>> St. Louis. >> COSTA: Yes, you've got the
board, Lexington. Category? >> Take Me With U for 15,
please. >> COSTA: Okay, local historian
Doane Robinson came up with the idea for Mount Rushmore
in 1923 in order to promote tourism
in what U.S. state? Yes, Stephen.
>> North Dakota. >> COSTA: No. Newton North?
Yes, Paris? >> South Dakota.
>> COSTA: South Dakota. You've got the board,
Newton North. Category? >> The Beautiful Ones. >> COSTA: Questions
about paintings. And for ten points. What French Impressionist
is well known for his Water Lilies series, painted at his garden
at Giverny? Yes, Colin.
>> Monet. >> COSTA: Yes.
And you've got the board. >> Take Me With U for 20,
please. >> COSTA: For 13 days in 1836,
Davy Crockett and about 200 men defended what historic site
in San Antonio, Texas, against a much larger
Mexican force? Yes, Max.
>> The Alamo. >> COSTA: The Alamo is right. You've got the board,
Newton North. >> Take Me With U. >> COSTA: This time for
25 points. New York's Central Park
is the most visited urban park in the United States. It was designed by
what landscape architect who also designed
Boston's Emerald Necklace? Yes, Nick.
>> Frederick Law Olmsted. >> COSTA: Yes, and you've
got the board, Lexington. >> Take Me With U for 30,
please. >> COSTA: 30 points at stake. Niagara Falls comprises
three waterfalls: the American Falls,
the Bridal Veil Falls, and what third fall that lies
mostly on the Canadian side? Yes, Nick.
>> Horseshoe Falls. >> COSTA: That is correct,
and you now have the board. Category? >> The Beautiful Ones for 15,
please. >> COSTA: Michelangelo painted
the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel by applying pigment directly
to wet plaster, a technique known as which of
the following? Is it A. fresco, B. tempera,
or C. encaustic? Yes, Louis.
>> A. fresco. >> COSTA: Fresco is right. You've got the board,
Newton North. Category? >> Beautiful Ones. >> COSTA: For 20 points. Georgia O'Keeffe is best known for her boldly distinctive
paintings of flowers and landscapes unique to what
U.S. state where she settled in 1949? Max.
>> New Mexico. >> COSTA: Yes. You've got
the board, Newton North. >> The Beautiful Ones. >> COSTA: For 25 points. Inspired by Byzantine mosaics, what Austrian artist mixed gold
leaf into his oil paintings during his signature
Golden Period, as seen in his most famous work,
The Kiss? Yes, Colin.
>> Klimt. >> COSTA: Yes, that's correct. Lexington, you get the board.
Category? >> Beautiful Ones for 30,
please. >> 30 points: The Italian
artist Canaletto is best known
for his hundreds of paintings of what city
that was his hometown? (timer) Venice is the answer. Lexington has the board.
Category? >> Computer Blue for ten,
please. >> COSTA: Questions
about computer science. And for ten points: The CPU is the part
of a computer system that's commonly referred to as
the "brains" of a computer. What does CPU stand for? Max.
>> Central Processing Unit. >> COSTA: Yes. And now, you've
got the board, Newton North. >> Baby I'm a Star. >> COSTA: Questions about stars,
for ten points: Stars are basically giant balls
of gas, mostly made
of what two elements? Yes, Krishna.
>> Hydrogen and helium. >> COSTA: Yes, and now, you've
got the board, Lexington. >> When Doves Cry, please. >> COSTA: Questions about birds
in literature. For ten points: What is the name of the snowy
owl that Harry Potter receives from Hagrid as a gift
for his 11th birthday? Yes, Paris.
>> Hedwig. >> COSTA: Hedwig is right.
Category, Newton North? >> When Doves Cry. >> COSTA: 15 points:
in ancient Egypt and in classical antiquity, what mythical bird
is reborn from its own ashes? Yes, Stephen.
>> Phoenix. >> COSTA: Phoenix is right.
Category, Lexington. >> When Doves Cry for 20,
please. >> COSTA: 20 points. In Robert McCloskey's
Make Way for Ducklings, what is the name of the pair
of ducks who decide to raise their family
in Boston's Public Garden? Yes, Isabella.
>> Mr. and Mrs. Mallard. >> COSTA: That is correct. And now, Newton North,
you have the board. >> When Doves Cry. >> COSTA: When Doves Cry
for 25 points. Often used as a symbol
of obsolescence, what extinct bird appears
as a character in Alice's Adventures in
Wonderland by Lewis Carroll? Yes, Max.
>> Dodo bird. >> COSTA: Dodo bird is right. You have the board,
Newton North. >> When Doves Cry. >> COSTA: 30 points: In Edgar
Allan Poe's most famous poem, "The Raven," what woman's name
is mentioned eight times? Yes, Isabella.
>> Lenore. >> COSTA: Lenore is right. You've got the board,
Newton North. >> Baby I'm a Star. >> COSTA: This time
for 15 points. What nine-letter word
refers to what happens when a star runs out of fuel
for nuclear fusion and dies in a spectacular explosion? Paris.
>> Supernova. >> COSTA: That is correct.
Category, Newton North? >> Baby I'm a Star.
>> COSTA: 20 points. Our Sun is classified as which
of the following types of stars? A. red dwarf, B. white dwarf,
C. yellow dwarf? Max.
>> C. yellow dwarf. >> COSTA: Yes. You've still got
the board. Category, Newton North?
>> Baby I'm a Star. >> COSTA: 25 points: Stars don't
actually twinkle, but they can appear to flash because of atmospheric
turbulence. Which star,
the brightest in the night sky, twinkles so much that
it's often reported as a UFO? Yes, Max.
>> Polaris. >> COSTA: No. Lexington,
you want to try it? (timer) Sirius is the answer. Newton North,
you still have the board. >> Baby I'm a Star.
>> COSTA: 30 points. What bright star cluster is also
known as the Seven Sisters? Yes, Colin.
>> Pleiades. >> COSTA: Yes. That is correct. And, Lexington, you've got
the board. Category? >> Computer Blue for 15, please. >> COSTA: ARPANET,
a forerunner of the Internet, was developed in 1969
by what U.S. federal department? Yes, Max.
>> The Department of Defense. >> COSTA: Correct, and now,
Newton North, you have the board: category? >> Computer Blue.
>> COSTA: 20 points. In computer science, a user
interface that incorporates icons, windows, and menus
is called a "gooey." This acronym, spelled GUI,
stands for what? Yes, Paris.
>> Graphic User Interface. >> COSTA: (hesitating) No. Lexington– yes, Colin?
>> Graphical User Interface. >> COSTA: Yes, that's correct. And, Lexington,
you get the board. >> Computer Blue for 25, please. >> COSTA: Co-developed by
Marc Andreessen and released to the public in 1993, what was the first popular
graphical browser for the World Wide Web? Max.
>> Internet Explorer. >> COSTA: No. Lexington? Krishna.
>> Netscape. >> No. Mosaic is the answer. Lexington, you've got the board.
Category? >> Computer Blue for 30. >> COSTA: What daughter
of the poet Lord Byron is widely credited
for having written the first computer program,
in the mid-1800s? Yes, Max.
>> Lovelace. >> COSTA: Yes. Ada Lovelace. And we only have
the one category. This is Purple Rain, questions
about the late, great Prince. And for ten points: 1983's "Little Red Corvette" was Prince's first
big crossover hit. It gained airplay on what newly
launched TV network at a time when it featured virtually
no black artists? Yes, Krishna. >> MTV.
>> COSTA: That is correct. And now Purple Rain
for 15 points: During a contract dispute
with Warner Brothers, Prince changed his name
to an unpronounceable symbol and was known as TAFKAP,
an acronym that stands for what? Louis. >> The Artist Formerly Known
as Prince. >> COSTA: Yes. And Purple Rain for 20 points: In 2015, Prince released a song
dedicated to and named after what city that dealt with
the death of Freddie Gray and the unrest that followed? Colin.
>> "Baltimore." >> COSTA: Yes.
Purple Rain for 25 points: Best known for her work
with Fleetwood Mac, what singer-songwriter turned
down Prince's offer to write the lyrics to
the classic song "Purple Rain"? And Isabella.
>> Stevie Nicks. >> COSTA: Correct.
And Purple Rain for 30 points: What is the name of Prince's
private home and studio complex in suburban Minneapolis
that friends say he wanted to turn into a museum, similar
to Elvis Presley's Graceland? Krishna.
>> Paisley Park. >> COSTA: Paisley Park is right
for 30 points. (timer) And that ends
the category round. The score right now: Lexington High School
505 points. Newton North 365 points. How about it, folks? (cheers and applause) Okay, we are heading into the
final 90 seconds of game play, the lightning round. This is the championship round. You get 20 points for each
correct answer. Incorrect answers
will cost you 20 points. The clock is set. Good luck, teams. >> Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the
U.S. presidency in what year? >> 1963.
>> COSTA: Yes. A typical human body cell has
how many chromosomes? Max? >> 23.
>> COSTA: No. 46. In the Shakespeare play Hamlet, what is the first name of
Hamlet's mother? Yes, Colin.
>> Gertrude. >> COSTA: Yes. The pop singer
known by the stage name Lorde was born in 1996 in what
>> New Zealand. >> COSTA: Yes. What eight-letter
word refers to the force that resists motion
between two surfaces? Yes, Colin.
>> Friction. >> COSTA: Yes. In 2016,
who announced she would seek a fourth term
as German chancellor? Colin.
>> Angela Merkel. >> COSTA: Yes. Gary Trudeau
is the author of what popular, long… yes?
>> Doonesbury. >> COSTA: Yes. In 1948 what
president of Yugoslavia broke diplomatic ties… yes?
>> Tito. >> COSTA: Yes. Adolf Hitler
committed suicide on April 30 of what year? Yes, Krishna.
>> 1945. >> COSTA: Yes, who advocated
ruthless cunning in his 1532 political
treatise… >> Machiavelli. >> COSTA: Yes. Arlington
National Cemetery is located in what U.S. state– Max?
>> Virginia. >> COSTA: Yes. Tai chi is
an ancient form of exercise that originated… Yes, Krishna?
>> China. >> COSTA: Yes. In Greek myth,
who was worshipped mainly as the goddess
of the family hearth? Yes, Nick.
>> Hestia. >> COSTA: Yes. Name the capital
city of North Dakota. Yes, Nick.
>> Bismarck. >> COSTA: In the Disney film
The Lion King, what is the name
of the warthog? Yes, Paris.
>> Pumbaa. >> COSTA: Yes. Name the branch
of zoology that deals with
the study of insects. Yes, Nick.
>> Arachnology. >> COSTA: No. Entomology
is the answer there. And this year's
High School Quiz Show champion is Lexington High School. 705 points. (cheers and applause) The runner-up,
Newton North High School, with a very impressive
405 points. Congratulations to both teams
for a great game and another great season. And by the way, Lexington now
moves on to play in the fifth annual
Governor's Cup to take on
Nashua High School South, the winner of New Hampshire
Public Television's Granite State Challenge. So, be sure you're with us and
thank you so much for being here on High School Quiz Show. Great job, teams. (cheers and applause) You can file a claim. You can pay your bill. Safety's mobile app helps you
manage life's storms. For your auto, home,
and business. Ask an independent agent
about Safety Insurance. (cheers and applause) A production of WGBH.
High School Quiz Show – The Championship: Lexington vs. Newton North (815)