Hi guys
welcome back again in the Mikrotik tutorial in this video I will discuss about a quick way to choose an outdoor wireless device so lots of questions come into us want to make network appliance like a network topology even though there are so many outdoor devices like all in this table this is a video that will explain short and easy ways how do we choose an outdoor wireless device for those of you who haven't subscribed please subscribe now and also click the bell because you will get a notification when we upload the latest videos Mikrotik has a lot
type of Outdoor Wireless Router in this video I will discuss
Mikrotik Outdoor Wireless Router only we will discuss the indoor wireless router
in the next video for this video discussion of Wireless Outdoor Why? because so many of you ask through the Service menu at https://mikrotik.id and also some questions through social media sample question
I want to make a wireless link to my house what tools do I need to use this is a question that is not easy to answer because we do not know what the conditions in the place are because of some of these things we made this video which is a simple guide on how to choose a device for outdoor wireless so the first time which must be determined in advance is network topology we want to make Point To Point or Point To Multi Point why is that? because both methods use
different devices and antennas before we discuss more detailed devices that must be understood is guidelines for making Wireless Links
must be Line Of Sight must be seen so don't ever hope have a Wireless Link covered in hills in the middle it can't be done
because the device must be visible especially for making outdoor wireless links if for indoor or close range it might still be possible but for outdoor connections must be Line Of Sight then there is also the term Fresnel Zone so the link is not just a straight line but there is a volume of space that must exist which is used for the propagation of electromagnetic waves so there must be a Fresnel Zone this has already been calculated to make it then interference if we use some software for calculating Wireless Link creation which shows the air distance calculation
and so forth this is a calculation that does not involve interference reality in Indonesia
especially those in big cities has very severe signal interference so that the reach of the wireless link will be shorter if in theory the calculation can
make wireless links up to 30 KM maybe in fact 10 KM can this happens in almost all types and brands of wireless devices because interference is one of the obstacles when we make a wireless network then during installation try to be in accordance with the standard installation so don't just use wood on the pole which later will cause excessive shake because later Wireless Link quality will be bad maybe we can use an iron tower or must be attached to the wall so that there is no excessive shock so the installation must be according to the procedure and suppose there is a cable coming out of the device water repellent protection must be given to be resistant to weather then installing an ethernet cable must also be neat because it will reduce the quality of data transmission we will start discussing about the software there are actually a number of applications available free on our website an application is also available can visit the link below we have provided QR code too can be scanned directly using the application so that the link can open don't forget
for the antenna height count because if the distance of the link we want to connect is too far away we must pay attention to the curvature of the earth this is often forgotten too on our website an application is also available
to calculate antenna height at https://mikrotik.com also provides a more advanced application, the Wireless Link Calculator we have provided the link too you can try to access there for the application available at https://mikrotik.com advice is available for using the device there can also be seen we will explain in this video the conditions of the device used for making outdoor wireless links there are so many types
because what is seen here is just a small part we are discussing the network topology again there is Point To Point (PTP) there is also Point To Multi Point (PTMP) Point To Multi Point (PTMP), i.e. we make one Access Point and there are many clients who access can be from a certain angle can be from 360 degrees and the antenna used must also adjust then there is something called
Point To Point (PTP) so there are only two point to point devices which is usually used for long distance connections only use two devices for Mikrotik devices if you want to make a Point To Point (PTP) we can use the device
who has a Level 3 license so if you choose a device on Mikrotik Indonesia can be visited directly to https://mikrotik.id
to choose a device pay attention to the license specifications
on the device to make Point To Point we can use the device
who has a Level 3 or above license can use the device
who has Level 3, 4, 5 or 6 licenses so at least use the device
who has a Level 3 license all Mikrotik wireless devices must at least use a Level 3 license so that there are no problems if used
for Point To Point but if we want to use the device as an Access Point for Point to Multi Points (PTMP) the Access Point will handle several connected CPEs then we need a license on
minimum level 4 access point device this is what you usually miss already bought a wireless device who has a level 3 license but when at the installation location
will be used as an Access Point then constrained to license level upgrades if we upgrade the license, the cost is quite expensive more efficient if from the beginning the selection of the device is correct so don't force it because devices that use level 3 licenses have specifications under the device
who has a level 4 license because Mikrotik designed to use
RouterOS with a level 4 license already designated as an access point device not as a CPE not as Point To Point so if you are looking for a device that is intended as an access point make sure to use the device that has it
RouterOS license level 4 do not use a level 3 license then besides the point to point topology and point to multi point we also have to categorize according to frequency from the start it must have been decided will use the 5GHz frequency or 2.4GHz frequency because we choose outdoor wireless devices almost no device can emit two different frequencies simultaneously because in each device has an antenna design for certain frequencies only especially for long distances no one antenna is used for two different frequencies there must be special specifications for one frequency because of that from the beginning already determined want to use the 2.4GHz frequency or 5GHz frequency if the device for point to point topology may not have a problem because it only uses two devices but for point to multi points especially for access point devices need to be adjusted to the CPE device because if the CPE device uses a 2.4GHz frequency certainly it will not be able to connect with devices that use the 5GHz frequency each frequency has advantages and disadvantages of each the advantages of the 2.4GHz frequency are
more devices already support old or low-end series laptops can definitely use the 2.4GHz frequency or for certain devices but for 5GHz frequency use have excellence fewer users more suitable for making
long distance outdoor wireless link so you have to determine first need to use a 5GHz frequency know the frequency of 2.4GHz but for the use of outdoor wireless now many have used it at the 5GHz frequency than at the 2.4GHz frequency if now we choose to use
2.4GHz frequency we can see the choice of devices to point to point for two point to point points device selection is distinguished based on the distance of the link that we will make by using the 2.4GHz Point To Point frequency for short distances there are several choices of devices that we can use for example close distance to 1KM we can use LDF the form of a small LDF device like this This device is available at 2.4GHz and 5GHz frequencies for LDF devices that use
the 5GHz frequency is identical like this many thought this device
do not have an antenna actually there is an antenna in it and this LDF device has specifications for outdoor use then the most widely used for now this is the SXT series the device is shaped like this
it's the square type if this is the SXT classic type this is equally the SXT series this series device is now often used as a CPE device and used for short distances we choose that uses the 2.4GHz frequency because in both types SXT has a choice of frequencies at 5GHz and 2.4GHz then the device for medium distance we can use QRT the form of QRT is a panel box which is stacked at the bottom then for long distance you can use the LHG type like this shape there is a bigger one with the same form namely type LHG-XL make sure to choose a device that uses the 2.4GHz frequency all these outdoor wireless devices using directional antenna beam emission type that leads to a certain point and not omnidirectional which can be accessed from various directions because this device is used for Point To Point so we can direct the device usually the device is for this point to point can also be used as a CPE device so if we discuss later about point to multi point for CPE devices can use the devices that I have explained earlier so some of these devices can
we use for Point To Point and we can also use it as a CPE
at point to multi point at the 2.4GHz frequency then what are the device choices
for Access Points The first can use SXT with sector types SXT-Sector has 60 ° antenna openings so it can't be 360 ​​° SXT looks like this for SXT-Sector the shape will be thicker than this SXT-Sector also uses 2.4GHz frequency
which has an antenna opening of 60 ° if you want to cover a wireless link with a width of 360 ° I do not recommend using this device because later it will need at least 6 devices and make it inefficient but to cover just a few corners might be suitable because this device is small and also has 60 ° antenna openings for SXT-SectorAntenna type then for medium distance there is a mANTBox type mANTBox looks like this who already have sectoral antennas some use the 2.4GHz frequency and works with 120 ° antenna openings if we want to cover 360 ° we need 3 mANTBox units then Mikrotik does not have many Omni devices especially at the 2.4GHz frequency because of that there are still Metal type devices then there is Groove and there is also a BaseBox the shape is like this which allows us to use an external antenna so you can use your own antenna bigger omni or sectoral antenna and connected to these devices of course you have to use the appropriate connector if at Groove and Metal use
N-Male connector type if for BaseBox use a connector
which is smaller (RP SMA) so it must be chosen so that the pigtail for the antenna is properly installed that needs to be realized because this is often the case with errors you will make an Access Point which makes it possible for Mobile or Gadget to be directly connected there I usually ask first confidently answer
"for a distance of 1KM" never dream of making an access point external or outdoor which allows Mobile or Gadget or others to be connected directly to the access point with a range of 1 KM it won't be possible so if you want to hold a network in each place for 1 KM, or 2 KM or more the client must use a device like this open received directly to laptops, cellphones
or another gadget we cannot cover a network with an area of ​​1 KM only use 1 Access Point and want to connect directly to laptops, cellphones
or another gadget it can not must use the recipient's CPE device
first then the network is spread into the house by installing another access point for laptops, cellphones or other gadgets so you can't use a laptop, cellphone or other gadget
to be directly connected with a distance of 1 KM for outdoor access points because laptops, cellphones or other gadgets can be connected to a maximum of only 100 M maximum distance with appropriate antenna conditions the direction of the antenna must also be appropriate if the antenna is above the tower sometimes the position under the tower cannot be connected the use of the antenna must be appropriate and it must be understood that this outdoor access point not intended to cover large areas directly for laptops, cellphones or other gadgets so an access point like this is used to cover CPE that uses a device like this too so not directly to laptops, cellphones or
another gadget with a large area this must be understood then we will continue the explanation to the 5GHz device because I already explained the 2.4GHz device we will continue the explanation to the 5GHz device at the 5GHz frequency Mikrotik has a lot of devices more new protocols that can be used so that the channeled bandwidth can be greater Why? because at a frequency of 5 GHz we know that
there is an AC protocol AC protocol does not work on the 2.4GHz frequency only exists at the 5GHz frequency AC protocol can channel more bandwidth under ideal conditions maybe it can be 100MB we can get traffic with
devices that can be AC ​​protocol even though in theory we can achieve
speed of 300 Mbps or 600 Mbps but in reality in the field only
can be up to 100 Mbps with ideal conditions for 5GHz devices we will discuss several devices
to point to point first so 5GHz devices are used for point to point not much different in shape
with a 2.4GHz device only differ in the 5GHz frequency so if I said earlier there was a 2.4GHz LDF device LDF devices also have a 5GHz version then This LDF device also has other variants regular 5GHz version and 5GHz AC version then the SXT device there are regular SXT, and SXT Square then there is the HP version (high power) and also the AC on the SXT series there are several types
device specifications and for the future
there will be more types this is the SXT square form and this is the usual form of SXT both devices are also available in the 5GHz version then for medium distance there is a QRT with a flat panel box in the 5GHz QRT type there is also an AC version then there is a type SEXTANT device in the form of a 6-shaped SXT then there is DiscLite the shape is like this round DiscLite devices work at 5GHz frequencies and also for this DiscLite device
on the 5GHz AC version the shape is similar to this but it works on the AC 5GHz protocol frequency then for the long distance ones maybe not much different the first is LHG there is also a 5GHz HP LHG (high power) version there is also LHG-XL with an antenna shape and gain that is larger than the usual LHG there is also a type of 5GHz AC LHG which already supports AC protocol then LHG-XL 5 AC and there are also devices with solid disc shapes DynaDish 5 with the form of Solid Disc in the form of a closed antenna yea, the DynaDish 5 device which is only found in the 5GHz frequency if for point to point long distance this device is the most suitable
because it has a large antenna gain and we can use it for long distances and there were also LHG-XL devices with a large size then device used for point to multi point we can also function everything as a receiving device or CPE so so don't be surprised because I explained to point to multi points how come now it can be a CPE point to point uses only 2 devices minimum use RouterOS level 3 license we can also use this device as a CPE on a point to multi point topology so if the client distance is close to the access point we can use a small CPE device the further we can use medium devices and if we can get the client's distance further
use a device like the LHG or the DynaDisc we use it as a CPE for clients over a longer distance device usage must be adjusted with distance minimum distance of 10 KM for medium distances between 3 KM to 9 KM for short distances maybe 1 KM to 2 KM we must understand this on point to multi point topologies
can use different CPE devices but I warn you again can not connect laptop devices, mobile phones or other gadgets with long distance and directly to outdoor access points because you need a CPE device like this then I will explain about the access point device on the point to multi point topology so I explained earlier about devices with 5GHz and CPE frequencies now we will discuss the access point for point to multi point topology become an access point device Mikrotik has more variety of devices at 5GHz than 2.4GHz the first is this is one of my favorite devices namely OmniTik devices devices like this are OmniTik 5GHz This OmniTik also has an AC version too then there is also the POE version which allows this device to turn on another device next to it and the cable that rises above the tower is only one then in the OmniTik POE version there is also an AC version on OmniTik AC there is a POE version there is also a non POE version there's another, the SXT-SA5 device the shape is the same as SXT like this but it has a sectoral antenna
so the shape will be a little thicker but visually the shape is similar to this this is the SXT form and there is another, namely SXT 5GHz AC so the SXT device has a Sector antenna use the 5GHz frequency
who already supports AC protocol for example on an Access Point device we use OmniTik AC try on CPE devices we also use an AC version device because if not it's useless to use an AC type access point we have to adjust between device access points and CPE devices if we use an AC type access point
try CPE devices also use AC type then for SXT-SA5 devices that work
at the 5GHz frequency has an antenna opening of 90 ° but if the frequency is 2.4GHz antenna opening is only 60 ° so if the device is 5GHz to cover 360 ° at least we only need to use 4 devices like this to 4 directions but if we use a 2.4GHz device
will need 6 devices then we also have a mANTBox device some use antenna gain of 15 dBm some are 19 dBm mANTBox form like this which uses an antenna with an opening of 120 ° so if we need to cover 360 ° we only need 3 units of mANTBox devices some of these devices are Mikrotik devices that use embedded antennas who already has a direct antenna
in the product You don't need to buy an antenna anymore no need to connect additional antennas anymore because it has become one between router devices, wireless and antenna if you feel that the choice is not enough actually there are more choices some devices that we can use as access points by adding external antenna the first is a Groove device
like this shape then metal so these two devices have the usual version
and also AC then for the MIMO protocol there is a NetBox device like this which has a physical form similar to a BaseBox device and there is also a BaseBox so there is a NetBox and BaseBox device then for the device
which supports AC protocol there is a NetMetal device there is also the NetMetal5SHP type there is also a NetMetal version of the triple chain which requires three antenna connectors then there is also the NetMetal5HP triple chain type which has a larger power antenna and use triple chains so if we want to use the AC protocol
with triple chain for now we can use NetMetal devices because only on NetMetal that is possible for the triple chain for outdoor wireless devices like that several choices of devices for example we want to use NetMetal so we also have to have outdoor antennas that use triple chains with devices that have 3 antenna connectors it does not mean having 3 antenna connectors
separately but 3 antenna connectors specifically for one triple chain type antenna so that the AC protocol can work all That was some access point that we could use for the access point in Point to Multi Point topology
with Mikrotik Brands there are many types and types of antennas that can be a little confusing for those of you who are new to Mikrotik like this some types of Mikrotik devices which we can use for Wireless Outdoor I'm sure there are still many questions must how to make so you don't hesitate to ask can write the question in the comments column below please ask if related about
Outdoor Mikrotik type devices for Wireless Indoor questions first because we are discussing
Outdoor Wireless Mikrotik devices please ask in the comments column below if you like this video don't forget to click Like then don't forget to subscribe don't forget to click the bell because you will get a notification if you upload newer videos so that more people will watch this video please help to share this video see you on the next video

CARA MEMILIH WIRELESS OUTDOOR – MIKROTIK TUTORIAL [ENG SUB]

28 thoughts on “CARA MEMILIH WIRELESS OUTDOOR – MIKROTIK TUTORIAL [ENG SUB]

  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Saya mau bikin akses point di sekolah saya,dengan perangkat TP-LINK TL- WA5210G 2,4 ghz dan mikrotik 750
    Dan dapat diakses oleh 150 siswa. bagai mana konfigurasinya

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Mas saya mau nanyak, kalau kita ingin membangun akses poin to poin jarah jauh, antena apa yang harus digunakan, kemudian di frekuensi brpa yg harus kita pakai, kemudian alat apa yang harus digunakan agar bisa menyebar hotspot ke client yang jarak kira2 1km. Mohon bantuannya mas.

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Bang jarak 5-7 km sxtsq sebagai ap lalu lhg5nd sebagai client kira2 bisa ngga ya angkut 10mbps? Medan los sawah

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Sangat membantu.
    Trimakasih Om Valens 🙏

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    padahal saya rencana mau beli LHG ini untuk dipakai sebagai access point untuk jarak jauh, apakah ada alat tambahan untuk pemakaian jarak jauh ???

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    IT Integrated www.celcomindo.co.id

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Saya buat point to point jarak 100meter lebih, nah kalau tetangga ada yang nembak lagi salah satu pemancar point o point bagus gak? Soalnya jarak tetangga cuma 15 meteran dan dapat sinyalnya padahal arah point to point saya gak ke arah tetangga.

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    saya mau belajar mikrotik dari awal install mikrotik bgmn?

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    pak mau tanya, kalo misalnya AP pake mikrotik trus client pake merk lain bisa gk konek ? misal AP mantbox 12s trus client pake cp300 totolink. terimakasih, mohon penjelasannya

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    mantap tutorialnya..
    mohon bertanya pak valen.
    untuk ptp jarak 10km rencana mau pakai rblhg 5acD XL kira kira berapa BW yang bisa dibawa untuk backbone koneksi utama..
    Oiya pak next video cara seting ptp untuk wireless outdor dengan setingan yang baik dan benar..
    thanks mikrotik indonesia..

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Klo AP pusat seri AC apakah CPE harus menggunakan AC juga apa bisa tidak AC min?

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    #ask
    #newbie
    Minta saran
    Saya ingin menyediakan wifi untuk warung saya di kampung, yang kebetulan jauh dari jangkauan pembelian langganan indihome,

    Terpaksa saya berlanggan WMS di kota dan saya titipkan dirumah rekan kerja, dan itu jarak terdekat dari jangkauan berlanggan isp

    Dan sekarang saya ingin menembak jaringan tersebut supaya bisa masuk ke kampung saya yang berjarak 9Km, dan posisi lokasi berlanggan WMS diketinggian 270 Mdpl dan lokasi yang hendak saya cover jaringan di ketinggian 160 Mdpl,
    Jadi apa saja yang saya butuhkan ?
    Misal:
    – Kira² Tower berapa meter antar lokasi tersebut?
    – Antena apa yang bisa stabil dalam jarak jauh?dan,
    – Memakai AP apa yang cocok dengan antena?

    Maaf 🙏🙏🙏🙏 banyak pertanyaannya

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    mempunyai cafe dengan indihome sebagai akses wifi nya, saya ingin memakaikan sandi dengan user dan pasword yg berbeda2x setiap hp.. jadi alat apa ajha ya yang dibutuhkan.

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    mikrotik memang josss

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Di menit ke 5:43 Pak Valens bilang Point to Point (PtP) tapi subtitle nya Point to multipoint(PtMP) ,dan penjelasannya pun Point to Multi Point bukan malah Point to Point 😀

    bodoamat yang penting dapat ilmu 😀

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    seperti terjadi loop

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    saya belik 20mbps dari indihome. mohon bantuannya mikrotik saya sepertinya bermasalah. bridge1 = fort4&5 = vocher hotspot ,, masalhnya knp port5 upload/downloadnya naik tiba2 mencapai 38mbps kadang naikke 40mbps , dan efeknya load cpu saya 75% bahkan kadang mencapai 90%, jadi rada susah mendapatkan alamt ip, susah menampilkan halaman login, dan internetnya jadi lemot. mohon bantuannya , mikrotik saya rb450g level5

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Mau tanya pak misal PTP pakai yang 5Ghz tp sektoral antena nya pake yg 2.4 buat hotspotan kira2 bagus gak?

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    When you going to check any MikroTik wireless device you can see "Wireless specifications"(6MBit/s,54MBit/s,MCS0 and MCS7).
    In you next video can you explain this?
    Thanks a lot

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Kalo untuk AksesPoint sebagai mulltupoint kuat berapa user / client kak ?
    Mohon pencerahannya .

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Untuk ptmp omnitik / sxt yang lv 4 untuk station nya maksimal berapa klient om valen.. biar tetap stabil.. terimakasih…

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Nanya pak Valen, anten produk mikrotik yg sudah support tri chain itu ap ya, juga beserta embedded wireless yg sdh tri chain utk CPE ny ? Rencana mau d config multipoint dengan radio netmetal sebagai AP Pusat, jd mohon info ny pak.. Terimakasih

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Kalo 1 AP pusat (PTM) dipancarkan dan diterima oleh station dan dipancarkan lagi utk end user perangkat apa aja yg dibutuhkan (kalo bisa 360°)?
    Terimakasih (kalo dijawab sih 😀)

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Bang valen untuk jarak 28km ptp bgus pakai netbox apa netmetal

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Mantap

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    Your are the best in mikrotik explanation

    Reply
  • June 5, 2019 at 3:11 am
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    riquwes bos… cara limit quee tree membedakan sosmed dan game bos ..biar sendiri2 dan sertakan scriptnya..saya tunggu

    Reply

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